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Publications in "Peace and Security" research area
New research, based on a study completed by the Oceans 2015 Initiative, examines how climate change will impact fisheries and the many coastal communities that depend heavily on fisheries resources for foods and economic security.
2 July 2015
20 May 2015
Erin Baines
A journal article written by Erin Baines exploring contraditions that exist in sexual violence and forced marriage in the Ugandan originated rebel group, Lord's Resistance Army.
14 March 2014
Benjamin Perrin
A timely examination of how modern armed conflicts have outpaced the laws designed to govern them.
11 July 2012
Philippe Le Billon
Focusing on three key resources of oil, diamonds,and timber, Associate Professor Phillipe Le Billion's book explores the outbreak of war and conflict in resource-rich countries.
17 January 2012
By Michele Kelemen
Human rights groups don’t usually cheer military forays. But they have offered loud applause for the Obama administration’s decision to send 100 military advisers to help African nations fight the notorious rebel group the Lord’s Resistance Army. Invisible Children has built a grassroots movement in the U.S. demanding more focus on the LRA. They welcomed President Obama’s offer to send in the special forces troops. But the military campaign worries Erin Baines, an assistant professor at the Liu Institute for global issues at UBC. “A large proportion of the LRA itself are children who have been abducted from their homes,” Baines said. “So they are the front line of many of these battles and they are the first to be killed because they have the least knowledge of how to hide and protect and protect themselves.”
25 October 2011
Taylor Owen
Taylor Owen, a postdoctoral fellow at UBC, writes about the International Security Assistance Force mission, the mission to train the Afghan army so that it is capable of securing the country and keeping the national government together as NATO draws down. “Canada may no longer be fighting in Kandahar, but this new mission is nonetheless a daunting and risky task,” writes Owen. “One thing is clear: Our participation in this training process, while likely the best course of action in a very challenging situation.” “If we build this army, we had better be willing to fund it and support it long into the future. This will be added to the long-term development and humanitarian engagement we also have rightly committed to and have the obligation to maintain.”
6 September 2011
Benjamin Perrin
Prostitution will not become safer if a landmark court case strikes down Canada’s prostitution laws and allows for legalized pimping, bawdy houses and communicating for the purpose of prostitution. Indeed, research and evidence show that the exact opposite occurs. “All of the countries that have experimented with legalizing prostitution have really failed to make this safer for the people who are being sold,” said UBC law professor Benjamin Perrin, author of the book Invisible Chains: Canada’s Underground World of Human Trafficking. “In Amsterdam, in recent years, they had to shut down almost half of the red-light district because of the infiltration of organized crime and violent pimps who profit from the trade in women,” said Perrin.
16 June 2011
Taylor Owen, Anouk Dey
Taylor Owen, a post-doctoral fellow at the Liu Institute for Global Issues at UBC, and Anouk Dey, a student completing her M.Phil in international relations at Oxford University, write about why Canada should actively promote the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and what this means for Libya. “R2P deals with a core dilemma of humanitarian intervention, that protective interventions are preventative rather than punitive,” they write. “R2P therefore seeks to engage policy-makers in the short window of time when atrocities are imminent and inevitable, but have not yet occurred.” “Supporting R2P and, by extension, the military action in Libya, is also in Canada’s self-interest,” write Owen and Dey.
6 April 2011
An annotated bibliography of research focusing on the world-wide implications of climate change for a broad range of security concerns.
31 August 2010
Adam Bower
As part of his doctoral dissertation research, Adam Bower recently attended (as an accredited observer), the first Review Conference of the International Criminal Court, held in Kampala, Uganda, between May 31 and June 11, 2010. Bower’s research trip was funded, in part, through a small grant from UBC’s SDF Program. What follows is a brief review of the outcomes of the Conference. Of particular interest to those in Canada’s security and defence communities is the incorporation of a definition of aggression into the Rome Statute.
12 July 2010
Margaret Purdy, Leanne Smythe
Margaret Purdy and Leanne Smythe, as part of the Security and Defence Forum Program at the Liu Insitute for Global Issues, recently published this article in International Journal.
29 June 2010
Benjamin Perrin
Liu Institute Fellow Benjamin Perrin's newest article in C2C Journal.
22 June 2010
Benjamin Perrin
Liu Institute Faculty Fellow Benjamin Perrin has just completed a new study on trafficking in persons and transit countries, with a specific look at Canada and the United States.
7 June 2010
Jerry Spiegel, Robert Huish
This article examines how Canada has approached the challenge of global health in its foreign policy and the degree to which the much-discussed concept of human security has influenced this. In exploring this subject, we specifically focus on Canadian provision of foreign aid for health. It observes that despite the needs and opportunities for stepping up assistance in recent years, Canada’s foreign policy has not transformed itself to meet the challenge of overcoming global inequalities.
27 May 2010
The potential security implications of climate change have received less attention in Canada than in many other countries. A January 28-29, 2010 workshop in Ottawa organized by a research team at the Liu Institute for Global Issues helped fill this gap.
25 March 2010
An annotated guide to the literature and research reports on the nexus between climate change and security. The project team will update this guide regularly.
18 March 2010
Treating Weapons Proliferation, by Liu Institute Postdoctoral Research Fellow David Santoro, is a chilling exploration of the dynamics of weapons proliferation and nonproliferation. Through an analogy with the disease of cancer, the book walks the reader through the history of the phenomenon, its growing complexities and changing dimensions, its causes and consequences, and the various policy responses currently available to address it. Taking stock of the nature and challenges of such responses, the book shows that there is no all-encompassing cure for weapons proliferation at the present time, only treatments of relative and contextual effectiveness. Simply put, weapons proliferation, like cancer, has no single cure, but it is a condition that can often be treated, sometimes successfully.
2 March 2010
This paper is a review of the climate change and security references contained within six different reports released since January 2010 by the governments of the United States and United Kingdom
22 February 2010
David Santoro
David Santoro, a postdoctoral fellow at the Liu Institute, writes about how the international community should react to Iran's position on nuclear weapons. "It has never been clear whether Iran really wants nuclear weapons," writes Santoro. "Tehran is making it clear that it does not wish to work constructively with the international community. There must be consequences." "It is then imperative that Beijing stays the course on fresh sanctions against Tehran," he writes. "More than at any other time in history, major powers are united by common dangers."
19 February 2010
David Santoro, Tanya Ogilvie-White
The Liu Institute's David Santoro has recently written a special section for The Nonproliferation Review entitled "The Dynamics of Nuclear Disarmament" that he has co-directed with colleague Dr. Tanya Ogilvie-White.
17 February 2010
Karthika Sasikumar
A chapter in the volume "Nuclear Proliferation in South Asia: Crisis Behaviour and the Bomb", edited by Sumit Ganguly and S. Paul Kapur.
1 February 2010
Margaret Purdy
On January 28th, 2010, Margaret Purdy spoke at the Climate Change-Security Workshop in Ottawa about the responsibilities of national or federal governments in countries such as Canada in terms of the climate change-security nexus.
28 January 2010
Margaret Purdy
On October 29th, 2009, Margaret Purdy spoke to the Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies (CASIS) International Conference, about the security implications of climate change for Canada. Margaret outlined why the climate change-security nexus is so critical for Canada and offered five recommendations for action.
29 October 2009
Benjamin Perrin
The 76 migrants who entered Canadian waters aboard a rusting vessel are true asylum seekers, their government-appointed lawyer said Wednesday. Speaking at a forum on migration at UBC's Institute for Global Issues, Daniel McLeod said that the young Tamils he has spoken to so far fear for their lives if they are forced back. Experts in refugee law said identifying these migrants accurately is a heavy responsibility. "CSIS officers are no doubt working to verify that information with evidence they collect," said Benjamin Perrin, a UBC instructor in refugee law. "And it is one of the challenges here. A post- conflict scenario creates a real opportunity for terrorists, war criminals and former combatants to simply blend in with civilians."
28 October 2009
Benjamin Perrin
Benjamin Perrin, a faculty fellow at the Liu Institute for Global Issues, says the interception of an unflagged ship bearing the name Ocean Lady off Canada's Pacific coast is "a serious wake-up call for Canadians."
22 October 2009
Jenny Peterson
Jenny Peterson "Creating political spaces to promote human security: A solution to the failings of liberal peacebuilding?" ISA Conference, New York, 2009.
21 October 2009
Avery Poole
Avery Poole "'Transformative' or 'Toothless?' the ASEAN Charter and the 'Expectations Gap.'" Continuity and Change: (Re)conceptualis-ing Power is Southeast Asia Conference. University of Cambridge, 2009.
21 October 2009
Shane Barter
Shane Barter. "Peace by Piece: Voice & Village Authority in the Aceh Conflict" ISA Conference, New York, 2009.
21 September 2009
Jen Peterson
Creating Space for Emancipartory Human Security: Liberal Obstructions and the Potential of Agonism, by Jen Peterson, September 2009.
12 September 2009
Jen Peterson
The pervasiveness and absence of ‘the political’? A consideration of the varied role of politics in peacebuilding, by Jen Peterson, August 2009.
27 August 2009
By Mike Blanchfield
Flooding. Drought. Wildfires. Mass migrations of desperate people. Mike Blanchfield explains why security experts fear climate change will lead to war on a scale we have yet to see on this planet. Margaret Purdy, senior research fellow at the Center of International Relations, says "I don't want to be a scaremonger, but I am concerned climate change does not seem to be a priority within Canada's security, intelligence, defence establishment. I'm concerned that, as far as I know, Canadian security players haven't analysed the existing scientific reports." Purdy says, that with the exception of some notable work in the departments of Health and Natural Resources, no one has tried to quantify the long-term security effects of climate change in Canada.
25 July 2009
Erin Baines
Dominic Ongwen is an indicted war criminal and former child soldier in one of the world’s most brutal rebel organisations, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Ongwen is at once victim and perpetrator : what justice strategy is relevant? I introduce the concept of complex political perpetrators to describe youth who occupy extremely marginal spaces in settings of chronic crisis, and who use violence as an expression of political agency. Ongwen represents a troupe of young rebels who were ‘bred’ in the shadows of illiberal war economies. Excluded from the polity, or rather never having been socialised within it, such complex political perpetrators must be recognised in the debate on transitional justice after mass atrocity, lest cycles of exclusion and violence as politics by another means continue.
30 June 2009
Karthika Sasikumar
A chapter in Community, Citizenship and the 'War on Terror':Security and Insecurity, edited by Patricia Noxolo and Jef Huysmans.
25 June 2009
Wade Huntley
North Korea has conducted its second nuclear test. The big question now is whether the world's response will recognize the unique features of this most recent intensification of the crisis, and so effectively answer Pyongyang's latest challenge to global nuclear stability and the embryonic disarmament renaissance.
19 June 2009
Paul Evans
Professor Paul Evans recently spoke at a conference on "Bridging China Studies and International Relations Theory", in Singapore. S.R. Nathan, President of the Republic of Singapore also attended this conference (see photo). Prof. Evans presented this paper, of which a revised version will be published in spring 2010 in a volume edited by Zheng Yongnian. Please note: This is a Conference Draft and is not for citation or quotation without the author's permission.
12 June 2009
Brian Job
Professor Brian Job spoke to a session on "The Regional Security Architecture: Identifying Weaknesses and Reform" at the 23rd Asia-Pacific Roundtable in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 4 June 2009.
4 June 2009
By Mark MacKinnon, Paul Evans
Kim Jong-un, the youngest son of North Korean Leader Kim Jong-il, looks set to inherit control of the nuclear-armed state. Observers say the upcoming transfer of power just might explain North Korea's behaviour in recent weeks and months, which has been belligerent and unpredictable. "This is a very different pattern than we've seen in past North Korean brinksmanship," said Paul Evans, a professor in the Liu Institute for Global Issues at UBC. "There must be internal turbulence around succession issues."
3 June 2009
Kate Neville and Leanne Smythe
The Centre of International Relations: Working Paper Series, No. 49. This paper provides sets of scenarios to help guide the discussion regarding the kinds of security responses that are both necessary and feasible to address the security problem of eco-terrorism.
31 May 2009
Kate Neville, Leanne Smythe
Environmental Activism or National Security Threat? Policy Options for Addressing Radical Environmental Targeting, by Kate Neville and Leanne Smythe, May 2009
20 May 2009
Wade Huntley
Wade Huntley "Nuclear Nonproliferation: Regime Transformation in the Second Nuclear Era" ISA Conference, New York, 2009.
6 May 2009
Margaret Purdy
Human-induced climate change over the coming century is likely to threaten not only physical ecosystems, but also the security of individuals, societies, and states. By precipitating natural disasters, and by affecting the livelihood of communities, climate change may exacerbate existing social tensions, create incentives for illegal actions, place unbearable strains on the capacities of states, and lead to resource disputes and struggles between and within states.
1 May 2009
CTV Newsnet, Wade Huntley
On CTV Newsnet, Wade Huntley discusses the lack of consensus among the international community after North Korea launched rockets on April 5th 2009.
6 April 2009
Leanne Smythe, Margaret Purdy
Does Stephen Harper's team grasp the security consequences of warming temperatures, rising sea levels, extreme weather events and precipitation changes? Do they realize that climate change may represent a more complex and serious threat than terrorism and crime, their current security preoccupations? Sadly for Canada, no.
6 April 2009
CTV Newsnet, Wade Huntley
There is a strong interest in keeping the response to the North Korean rocket launch from breaking off talks that try to stop the country's nuclear program; Prof. Wade Huntley talks to CTV Newsnet.
5 April 2009
Daisaku Higashi
The Centre of International Relations: Working Paper Series, No. 48. This report examines key policies regarding legitimacy construction in Timor-Leste peacebuilding.
31 March 2009
Geoffrey Opobo, Geoffrey Odong, Emon Komakech, Ketty Anyeko, Boniface Ojok, Erin Baines, Letha Victor
The Justice & Reconciliatin Project presents the first comprehensive public documentation of the massacre of over 300 civilians in Barlonyo in February 2004 by indicted war criminal Okot Odhiambo.
28 February 2009
Nevin Aiken
Nevin Aiken "Learing to Live Together: Transitional Justice and Intergroup Reconciliation in Northern Ireland" ISA Conference, New York, 2009.
15 February 2009
Wade Huntley
Over the past two decades, engagement with North Korea by the United States and the rest of the world has waxed and waned. This vacillation is evident even in the past year. The Six-Party Talks process produced both optimistic progress toward disabling Korea's nuclear facilities and, more recently, a return to negotiation stagnation and new North Korean threats to resume nuclear weapons development.
10 February 2009
CIR SDF, Phil Orchard
The Security and Defense Forum: Working Paper Series, No. 4.
31 January 2009
Phil Orchard
Phil Orchard "Regime-Induced Displacement and the Dilemmas of Civilian Protection: The Case of Darfur"
22 January 2009
Wade Huntley
Wade Huntley identifies major steps that may be taken towards nuclear disarmament in 2009.
8 January 2009
Karthika Sasikumar
A chapter in "Inside Nuclear South Asia", edited by Scott D. Sagan.
1 January 2009
Brian Job, Erin Williams
The Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) is the region’s leading Track Two (non-official) organization for promoting cooperation and dialogue on regional security issues. CSCAP was established in 1993, and now has 21 national Member Committees and one Observer. (For more information about CSCAP, please visit or
9 December 2008
Margaret Purdy
A presentation by Margaret Purdy (via video link) to a conference entitled Climate Change and Security: Planning for the Future, Wellington, New Zealand
14 November 2008
CIR, Daisaku Higashi
The Centre of International Relations: Working Paper Series, No. 47. This report examines key policies regarding legitimacy construction in Afghanistan peacebuilding.
31 October 2008
Daisaku Higashi
The Challenge of Constructing Legitimacy in Peacebuilding: The Case of Afghanistan, by Daisaku Higashi, October 2008.
26 October 2008
Margaret Purdy
An overview of the Climate Change and Security Research Project presented by Margaret Purdy to the Annual Conference of the Security and Defence Forum, Vancouver
24 October 2008
Edited by David Krieger and Richard Falk
This book focuses on an even more urgent and "inconvenient truth" than global warming. At the nuclear precipice, humanity's choices are catastrophe or transformation. This book explores the present nuclear predicament, and how to step away from the precipice and assure humanity's future. It examines the intersections between international law and national policies; and between nuclear proliferation, nuclear terrorism and nuclear disarmament. The book offers a way out if policy makers of leading countries can summon the vision and political will to move in a new direction.
14 October 2008
Wade Huntley
On September 6, 2008 the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) agreed to exempt India from its rules barring nuclear dealings with countries, like India, that lack comprehensive international safeguards on their nuclear facilities. Exempting India clears the penultimate obstacle to the implementation of the civilian nuclear cooperation agreement initiated by India and the US in July 2005, reversing India’s decades-long isolation from the world’s civilian nuclear trade regime. Letting India back in from the cold will reshape the global non-proliferation regime fundamentally, though the deepest impacts are years away, and calls into question whether the most powerful NSG member states are still willing to place collective non-proliferation objectives above short-term political advantage or commercial gain. Canada, an NSG member, has emerged as a full supporter of opening the nuclear door to India. This represents a dramatic shift from Canada’s long-standing objections to India’s nuclear weapons development.
30 September 2008
A summary of the centre's organization, objectives, and principle activities through Summer 2008.
1 July 2008
Jerry Spiegel, Robert Huish
This article provides a case study of how Cuba’s foreign policy initiatives in primary health-care provision has led to a practice that addresses basic needs and enhances capabilities for the marginalized – at root a central concern of human security!
1 June 2008
Khan, Saira "Democracies Violating Commitments: US and the Usage of Nuclear Weapons against Non-Nuclear States" ISA Conference, San Francisco, 2008.
26 May 2008
Erin Baines
Justice and Reconciliation Project and Quaker Peace and Social Witness, May 2008
10 May 2008
Paul Evans
Canadian Foreign Policy, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Spring 2008), pp. 131-39
2 May 2008
Margaret Purdy
Canada Asia Commentary, No. 51 - May 2008
1 May 2008
Michael Byers
The Canadian government was right to block the sale of MacDonald Dettwiler's space division to Alliant Techsystems of Minnesota. But the way the deed was done has created the need for some additional, urgent work by federal Industry Minister Jim Prentice.
23 April 2008
Soushiant Zangenehpour, Wade Huntley
“Iran in the World: The Nuclear Crisis in Context” provides the presentations and discussions from the first conference of the Simons Centre’s program on Iran’s nuclear ambitions.
10 April 2008
Saira Khan
Governments accountable to people for their choices are generally more responsible compared to the dictatorial ones. Thus, democratic states are unlikely to violate their formal commitments. However, a democratic United States has repeatedly violated commitments, making treaties and bilateral commitments less meaningful and the weaker states more insecure in the world. While the US has agreed not to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear states as part of its Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) commitment, it is the first country in the world to announce its intention to develop and use bunker-busting and earth-penetrating nuclear weapons against states suspected of assisting terrorists and developing weapons of mass destruction (WMD) clandestinely and the terrorists. What explains this irresponsible decision of the US? This paper argues that democratic states are likely to break such commitments because they can manipulate or ignore public opinion when they face national security threats. In extraordinary security situations, democracies act like non-democracies because they are often allowed by the Constitution to act without the approval of the people’s representatives in the government. Also, people in the democratic states may be inclined to uproot terrorism with the most effective weapon, like nuclear weapons, at the shortest possible time. A combination of these factors enables the US to break its commitments for the sake of its national security concerns. Unless the US proves that democracies are responsible states in terms of commitments, it is unlikely for democracy to be attractive to many nondemocratic states and smaller states that are anti-US may have more reasons to consider acquiring nuclear weapons. The paper is structured in the following manner: The first section discusses the major attributes of democracies and what makes them responsible actors in world politics. Here, focus is on democracy-peace argument, which has its roots in accountability and rational policy arguments. The second section demonstrates that democracies may not always be responsible actors. The section elucidates that democracies may act responsibly when issues are non-security-related and may be less responsible actors or may not live up to their democratic commitments when security issues are at stake. This also means that democracies may act like dictators in the realm of foreign policies in general and international security policies in particular. It portrays that under extreme security threats, democracies are equally irresponsible as nondemocracies. They turn into irresponsible actors if they have to for protecting their states’ national security concerns. Thus, a linkage between democratic violation of treaty commitments and national security issues is developed. The third section looks at United States as a great democracy which, unfortunately, often acts irresponsibly and breaks treaty commitments if and where necessary. In particular, this section focuses on the United States’ decision to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapon states, a policy that violates American commitment not to attack non-nuclear states as part of the NPT. The fourth section summarizes the paper, draws policy implications, and provides some policy recommendations.
26 March 2008
The two regional protracted conflict rivals of Asia, India and China, have found ways to become strategic partners in the twenty-first century. This research probes what explains this change and whether or not the engagement strategies employed by them can produce similar results if used in the India-Pakistan bilateral relations? This paper argues that although at the strategic level nuclear weapons detonation by India in 1998 was instrumental in developing a strategic balance between the rivals and within a few years a stable security environment emanated in the conflict offing, creating a setting stage for the exploration of possibilities of partnership in the economic, trade, and political realms, one of the major contributing factors in the partnership has been the soft power that both China and India possess. While the two Asian giants share common attributes such as strong military, population, economy, and information technology, among others, soft power in the form of culture, education, and values/ideals pertaining to open economies has forced them to look beyond the dynamics of the intractable conflict and find a common ground to work together. Both are mature states in all of these domains due to which the domestic political/institutional differences did not create an impediment to substantive strategic cooperation. There is political resolve in both countries in maintaining long-term friendship, enhancing cooperation, and achieving common developments. This is the exact opposite of the India-Pakistan case. While India is strong in soft power capabilities, Pakistan lacks strength in this domain and remains even less interested in developing the attribute. Consequently, even though both India and Pakistan realize that cooperation on different levels is possible, attainable, and beneficial to both parties and have progressed in attaining some of their stated goals of cooperation as part of the composite dialogue, in the presence of asymmetry in soft power resources, they are unable to comprehensively tap the unexplored opportunities to becoming strategic partners in this century. The paper is structured in the following manner: The first section discusses various sources of power in general and intangible or soft power in particular. The second section draws a connection between hard power, soft power, and strategic partnership or accommodation policies. The third is a case study on the India-China strategic cooperation. The focus here is on the role of soft power in enhancing cooperation between them. The next section uses the principle thesis of the paper connecting soft power to strategic cooperation against the India-Pakistan case and argues that strategic cooperation lacks in this case because of the absence of soft power in Pakistan. A final section provides concluding remarks and some policy recommendations.
26 March 2008
Alana Tiemessen
Tiemessen, Alana "Transitional Justice: Unexpected Expectations of Accountability in Post-Conflict Societies" ISA Conference, San Francisco, 2008.
26 March 2008
Alana Tiemessen
Tiemessen, Alana "Transitional Justice: Unexpected Expectations of Accountability in Post-Conflict Societies" ISA Conference, San Francisco, 2008.
26 March 2008
Erin Baines
Justice and Reconciliation Project, Special Issue with Quaker Peace and Social Witness - Field Notes, No. 6, February 2008
28 February 2008
Yitan Li
Li, Yitan "Domestic vs. International Determinants of Foreign Policy: an Empirical Investigation of the Case of China-Taiwan, 1991-2000" ISA Conference, San Francisco, 2008.
21 February 2008
Erin Baines
Produced by the Liu Institute for Global Issues and the Gulu District NGO Forum.
5 February 2008
Mark Zacher
Zacher, Mark and Tania Keefe (2008) The Politics of Global Health Governance: United by Contagion. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
19 January 2008
Phil Orchard
Orchard, Phil. "The Protection and Security of Internally Displaced Persons Soft Law as a Norm-Generating Mechanism" International Association for the Study of Forced Migration Biannual Conference, Cairo.
6 January 2008
Stefan Gänzle
Gänzle, Stefan "Externalizing EU Governance: The Case of the European Neighbourhood Policy" ISA Conference, San Francisco, 2008.
4 January 2008
Wade Huntley
Canada's exemplary record as a steadfast advocate of global nuclear disarmament faces a moment of truth. A new deal to re-open global nuclear co-operation with India is nearing completion. Canada will soon be called upon to formally support exempting India from Nuclear Suppliers Group restrictions on nuclear trade with countries lacking "full-scope" International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards on all their nuclear facilities. Drawing on the recently released Canadian Policy on Nuclear Cooperation with India[link to web page], Huntley examines the dilemmas facing Canadian policy-makers and urges that encouraging global nuclear disarmament remain a basis for building future relations with India.
20 December 2007
Erin Williams, Brian L. Job
The CSCAP Regional Security Outlook 2007. CSCAP Launches its New Flagship Publication. There is a real and urgent need for multilateral cooperation and institution-building to manage traditional and non-traditional security threats in the Asia Pacific.
4 December 2007
Paul Evans, David Capie
The ending of the Cold War opened a new debate across the Pacific about the meaning of security and the new regional multilateral institutions that were beginning to emerge.
20 November 2007
Wade Huntley
Current debates over impending developments in military and civilian uses of space raise deeper questions of how the expanding human presence in space over the next century might unfold.
16 November 2007
Wade Huntley
Re “Kim Jong-il’s Last Card” (Op-Ed, Oct. 8)
15 October 2007
Karthika Sasikumar, Wade Huntley
In July 2005, the United States and India announced a bold agreement to restore nuclear co-operation. The deal was immediately controversial, engendering opposition in both countries on national security grounds and from arms control advocates anticipating dire consequences for the non-proliferation regime.
3 October 2007
Karthika Sasikumar
After years of careful diplomacy aimed at establishing its identity as a responsible possessor of nuclear weapons and forging a closer alliance with the US, the nuclear deal between the US and India was announced in 2005. An article on the provisions of this agreement (tightening military bonds after the 9/11 attacks; highlighting of ties between Kashmiri and Islamic militancy by India; containment of China by the US) and its global (a model for other developing countries with growing energy needs; economic growth through ceased electricity shortage and alleviation of global warmth; friendship between the world largest democracies), regional (apart from a little likely vicious circle of Asian arms competition, China seems to have excepted the deal), and domestic implications mentioned by strategic analysts, politicians, and technocrats, highlighting the power of the concept of responsibility (and comparing the policy options available to the Canadian government in responding to this deal (will it be worth to break ranks with the US, to put at risk the partnership in a new strategic alliance in Asia, and loose India as a customer for the CANDU design at a new break in nuclear commerce). In general, it seems that in view of the inevitably of nuclear proliferation in which multilateral mechanism are ineffective, India, a stable, economically dynamic democracy that is increasingly close to the US, does not pose a threat to international peace.
1 October 2007
Michael Byers
An interview with Michael Byers on his new manifesto for Canada’s role in the world, 'Intent for a Nation: What is Canada For?'
14 September 2007
Michael Byers
Chapter 7: A True North Strong and Free.
10 September 2007
Michael Byers
Playing against George Grant’s seminal Lament for a Nation, Intent for a Nation is Michael Byers's informed and opinionated overview of where Canada stands in the world and what aggressive and progressive social, environmental, and governmental policies are needed to carry the country forward in an ever more competitive and volatile world.
11 July 2007
Paul Evans
The project on "Rebuilding American Security" was funded by the Ford Foundation and organized by the Liu Institute for Global Issues in cooperation with partner institutions in Asia. The basic question informing the series was how democratization in Asia affects national security priorities, views of US security policy, and relations with the US.
3 July 2007
Wade Huntley
To better appreciate the context of the Bush Administration’s reactions to the collapse of the US-North Korea Agreed Framework , this article examines US responses to the threats North Korea’s nuclear ambitions pose to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the wider array of global nonproliferation efforts that treaty spearheads.
30 June 2007
Philippe Le Billon & A. Waizenegger
Peace in the wake of disaster? Secessionist conflicts and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami
13 June 2007
Michael Byers
Michael Byers analyzes the proliferation security initiative, announced in May 2003
5 June 2007
Philippe Le Billon
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has taken an unprecedented number of measures to tackle links between natural resources and armed conflicts over the past decade
30 May 2007
Michael Byers
Terrorism, War and International Law
14 May 2007
Andrew Mack
In this ongoing series of Working Papers, the International Peace Academy has asked leading experts to undertake a mapping exercise, presenting an assessment of critical challenges to human and international security
31 March 2007
Veronica Kitchen
Veronica Kitchen: “Out-of-Area as Mutual Defence: Identity construction and NATO’s descent into crisis in Afghanistan” ISA Conference, Chicago, 2007.
3 March 2007
Brian Job & Robert Hartfiel
After a temporary downturn in many Asian states after the 1997 Economic Crisis defence expenditures are rising again
1 March 2007
Alana Tiemessen
Tiemessen, Alana "Transitional Justice: Lessons from Rwanda" ISA Conference, Chicago, 2007.
28 February 2007
Kai Michael Kenkel
Kai Michael Kenkel: “Academic Experts’ Participation in Security Policy Formulation: The Cases of South Africa and Canada” ISA Conference, Chicago, 2007.
28 February 2007
Kai Michael Kenkel
Kai Michael Kenkel: “Securitization and Civil-Military Relations in Transitional Societies: the Case of Brazil" ISA Conference, Chicago. 2007.
28 February 2007
Philippe Bourbeau
Bourbeau, Philippe "Securitizing Migration in France: The role of several political agents" ISA Conference, Chicago, 2007.
18 February 2007
Allen Sens, Stefan Ganzle
Ganzle, Stefan and Allen Sens (eds.) (2007) The Changing Politics of European Security: Europe Alone? New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
20 January 2007
Philippe Le Billon
Geographies of War: Perspectives on ‘Resource Wars’
1 January 2007
Philippe Le Billon
Securing transparency: Armed conflicts and the management of natural resource revenues
1 January 2007
Matthew Gillard
This study analyzes whether hegemonic stability theory can explain the evolution of the principles, norms, rules, and decision-making procedures of the outer space weaponization regime during the Cold War. The thesis begins by defining the term “space weapon.” After outlining which weapons are included in this definition, the author argues that there are relative and absolute power variants of hegemonic stability theory. As a security issue, space weaponization is best examined using the relative power strand. For the relative power strand to provide an adequate explanation of the evolution of the space weaponization regime, the regime must be established and remain strong in the presence of a hegemon with increasing relative power. The regime should also weaken when the hegemon’s relative power is decreasing. Relative power is measured through analyzing changes in annual military spending and GDP. Given that the time period under study is the Cold War era, data for the US (the hegemon) and the Soviet Union (the challenger) is examined. British, Chinese, French, German, and Japanese power is also discussed to explain why the thesis focuses primarily on American and Soviet power. Beginning in 1955, the US began a campaign to establish a legal regime that would protect satellite overflight. This would ensure that US reconnaissance satellites could collect intelligence on the Soviet Union. In 1963, the Soviet Union dropped major opposition to satellite reconnaissance, marking the beginning of the space weaponization regime. From 1963-1972, several international agreements expanded the regime. However, US power steadily declined vis-à-vis the Soviet Union as the space weaponization regime expanded. Hegemonic stability theory thus cannot explain the formation and growth of the space weaponization regime. From 1972 until the end of the Cold War, the space weaponization regime stagnated, neither expanding nor declining. Reagan helped prevent the expansion of the space weaponization regime by refusing to continue antisatellite (ASAT) talks with the Soviet Union. He also attempted to remove an important portion of the space weaponization regime related to the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty but ultimately failed. Both of these events cannot be explained by hegemonic stability theory.
1 January 2007
Paul Evans
Does multilateralism have a future in Northeast Asia, or is it an empty dream that tantalizes but inevitably disappoints? Is it like the Abbé de Saint-Pierre’s eighteenth-century conception of a European federation: highly desirable in theory but, at least in its time, unachievable in practice?
1 January 2007
Human Security Centre
The Human Security Brief 2006 updates the 2005 Human Security Report's conflict trend data and analyzes the findings of two recently released datasets that track trends in war terminations and organized violence against civilians.
20 December 2006
Human Security Centre
The Human Security Brief 2006 updates the 2005 Human Security Report's conflict trend data and analyzes the findings of two recently released datasets that track trends in war terminations and organized violence against civilians.
20 December 2006
Jerry Spiegel
As antiretroviral (ARV) therapy becomes increasingly accessible in sub-Saharan Africa, it is important to understand whether and how the associated clinical improvements correspond with changes in the incidence of pregnancy and fertility
6 December 2006
27 November 2006
Kai Michael Kenkel
New tricks for the dogs of war, or just old w(h)ine in new Bottles? Securitisation, defence policy and civilian control in Brazil, 1994-2002, by Kai Michael Kenkel, November 2006.
19 November 2006
Brian Job
Job, Brian "The Evolving Asian and Global Security Order: What Role for Japan?" The Frank C. Langdon Memorial Symposium, November 2006.
15 November 2006
Wade Huntley
14 November 2006
Wade Huntley
A chapter in the volume "Arms Control after Iraq: Normative and Operational Challenges", edited by Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu and Ramesh Thakur.
1 November 2006
Jonathan Havercroft, Raymond Duvall
Jonathan Havercroft (UBC SDF Postdoctoral Fellow) and Raymond Duvall (University of Minnesota) "Critical Astropolitics: The Geopolitics of Space Control and the Transformation of State Sovereignty"
3 October 2006
Karthika Sasikumar
A chapter in "US Nuclear Weapons Policy: Confronting Today's Threats", edited by George Bunn and Christopher F. Chyba.
1 October 2006
Philippe Le Billon
Fatal Transactions: conflict diamonds and the (anti)terrorist consumer
1 September 2006
Scott Watson
Scott Watson. "Manufacturing Threats: Boat People as Threats or Refugees?" ISA Conference, San Diego 2006.
22 August 2006
Avery Poole
Poole, Avery "Cooperation in Contention: The Evolution of ASEAN Norms" APSA Conference, 2006.
2 August 2006
Wade Huntley
Do North Korea’s missile tests really represent an escalation of its threat to global security? The answer is both yes and no
5 July 2006
Brian Job
Job, Brian (2006) “International Peace and Security and State Sovereignty: Contesting Norms and Norm Entrepreneurs,” The Iraq Crisis and World Order: Structural, Institutional and Normative Challenges in Ramesh Thakur and Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu (eds.). Tokyo: UNU Press.
23 June 2006
Margaret Purdy
Purdy, Margaret (2006) "Canada's Counter-terrorism policy" in Andy Wegner and Doron Zimmermann (eds.) “How States Fight Terrorism” New York, NY: Lynne Rienner.
20 June 2006
K.M. Kenkel
Kenkel, K.M. “The modernization of Brazilian security policy, 1994-2005”, (edited chapter) Transatlantische Beziehungen im Wandel: Sicherheitspolitische Aspekte der Beziehungen zwischen der Europäischen Union und Lateinamerika (Baden-Baden: Nomos, May 2006).
29 May 2006
Kai Kenkel
Kai Kenkel "Language Matters: Security discourse and civil-military relations in post-ditadure Brazil" ISA Conference, San Diego 2006.
22 May 2006
William Bain
Bain, William (ed.) (2006) The Empire of Security and the Safety of the People. New York, NY: Routledge.
20 May 2006
Phil Orchard
Phil Orchard "A Right to Leave - The Development of the Refugee Institution in International Society" ISA Conference, San Diego 2006.
7 April 2006
Paul Evans
A contribution by Dr. Paul Evans, Co-CEO of the Asia Pacific Foundation, to the International Journal examining the impact of the rise of an economically powerful China on Canada and the way in which Canada has responded to this new relationship.
31 March 2006
Kal Holsti
Holsti, Kal (2006) “The use of force in international politics: Four revolutions,” Arms Control after Iraq: Normative and Operational Challenges in Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu and Ramesh Thakur (eds.). Tokyo: UNU Press.
30 March 2006
Simons Centre for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Research
Emerging challenges posed by science and the possibilities for cooperation versus competition in outer space
28 March 2006
Ariel Zellman
Ariel Zellman "The Janjaweed in the Sudan: A Case of Chronic Paramilitarism" ISA Conference, San Diego 2006.
23 March 2006
Simons Centre for Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Research
This volume documents the proceedings of the conference
20 March 2006
Karen Winzoski
Karen Winzoski "Where Have All the Flowers Gone? The declining Influence of the Scientific Community Over US Arms Control Policy" ISA Conference, San Diego 2006.
5 March 2006
Karen Winzoski
Karen Winzoski "A Tale of Two Industries: How the chemical and pharmaceutical industries have influenced US arms control policy" ISA Conference, San Diego 2006.
4 March 2006
Philippe Bourbeau
Philippe Bourbeau "Migration and Security: Securitization theory and its refinement" ISA Conference, San Diego 2006.
4 March 2006
Wade Huntley
This chapter first reviews US military planning for space dominance, already well underway in the 1990s, as an aspect of its wider plans for global military dominance
2 March 2006
Kal Holsti
Holsti, Kal (2006) “Something old, something new: Theoretical perspectives on contemporary international peace and security,” in Edward Newman, Ramesh Thakur, and John Tirman (eds.). Multilateral Challenge? New York: UN University Press, pp. 181-206.
13 February 2006
Paul Evans
The workshop was the third and final in a series of meetings on "Rebuilding American Security" funded by the Ford Foundation and organized by the Liu Institute for Global Issues in cooperation with partner institutions in Asia. The basic question informing the series was how democratization in Asia affects national security priorities, views of US security policy, and relations with the US. It followed earlier meetings in Santa Monica and Seoul.
29 January 2006
Andrew Mack
Seen through the eyes of the media, the world appears an evermore dangerous place.
28 December 2005
Karthika Sasikumar, Wade Huntley
In November 2005, the Simons Centre convened a conference in Vancouver to explore the initial impact of the first India-US nuclear agreement of July 2005. Results of that conference were compiled into a volume that also includes two analytical essays by the editors, three background papers and suggestions for further reading.
22 November 2005
Lloyd Axworth & Erin Baines
For the past 20 years, northern Uganda's killing fields have been rocked and ruined by a vicious conflict between government forces and a rebel group called the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA).
4 November 2005
Human Security Centre
Funded by five governments, published by Oxford University Press, and three years in the making, the Report tracks and analyses trends in political violence around the world. Its findings are sharply at odds with conventional wisdom. It shows that most forms of political violence have declined significantly since the end of the Cold War––and finds that the best explanation for this decline is the huge upsurge of conflict prevention, resolution and peacebuilding activities that were spearheaded by the United Nations in the aftermath of the Cold War.
17 October 2005
Human Security Centre
Funded by five governments, published by Oxford University Press, and three years in the making, the Report tracks and analyses trends in political violence around the world. Its findings are sharply at odds with conventional wisdom. It shows that most forms of political violence have declined significantly since the end of the Cold War––and finds that the best explanation for this decline is the huge upsurge of conflict prevention, resolution and peacebuilding activities that were spearheaded by the United Nations in the aftermath of the Cold War.
17 October 2005
Paul Evans
The workshop was the first in a series of three meetings on ”Rebuilding American Security“ funded by the Ford Foundation and organized by Paul Evans
9 September 2005
Edited by Susan M. Thomson and J. Zoë Wilson
Rwanda and the Great Lakes: Ten Years On From Genocide
21 July 2005
Edited by: Philippe Le Billon
From the oil fields of the Persian Gulf to the diamond mines of West Africa, millions of people in resource rich countries have seen their lives devastated as a result of exploitative commercial relations, corrupt governance, and war. Going beyond conventional arguments of violent competition over scarce resources, this edited volume provides critical perspectives on so-called ‘resource wars?
12 July 2005
Philippe Le Billon
Corruption, reconstruction and oil governance in Iraq
1 June 2005
Philippe Le Billon
Corruption in Construction and Post-Conflict Reconstruction
13 April 2005
Erin Baines
Director, Conflict & Development Programme
1 April 2005
Robert Hartfiel, Brian Job
Raising the Risks of War: Defence Spending Trends and Competitive Arms Processes in East Asia, by Robert Hartfiel and Brian Job, March 2005
20 March 2005
Peter Larose
Coercion, Compromise, and Co-option Under the New Security Dilemma: Addressing Colombia's Armed Groups, by Peter Larose, March 2005.
19 March 2005
Shaun Narine
State Sovereignty and Regional Institutionalism in the Asia Pacific, by Shaun Narine, March 2005.
10 March 2005
Erin Baines
A critique of gender in the Canadian Human Security Agenda
8 March 2005
Christian Constantin
China's Conception of Energy Security: Sources and International Impacts, by Christian Constantin, March 2005.
5 March 2005
Pablo Policzer
Even though non-state armed groups commit some of the most serious human rights violations, international human rights policies remain anachronistically focused on states. Indeed, the international political architecture is premised on a sharp distinction between states and non-state groups, with separate policies for each. However, a look at the various organizations that actually commit human rights abuses reveals not a sharp dichotomy, but a continuum, ranging from states to non-state groups. The paper presents a typological framework to analyze this continuum, and argues that more effective human rights policies will need to take this much more into account.
1 March 2005
Philippe Le Billon
Aid in the midst of plenty: oil wealth, misery, and advocacy in Angola
1 March 2005
Philippe Le Billon
Fuelling war. Natural resources and armed conflicts
1 March 2005
Heidi Rose, Irene Sattarzadeh
Focuses on the humanitarian and security situation, the peace process, and international, regional, and national political and judicial developments
17 February 2005
Michael Byers
Assessment on the UN Secretary-General's report on high-level panel on threats, challenges and change.
25 January 2005
Paul Evans
The chapters in this volume share a common interest in the material forces of firm-driven trade, investement, and production that are deepening economic integration in proximate parts of continental and maritime Asia.
1 January 2005
Erin Baines
Examining the response of the United Nations to forced displacement in three cases, this insightful work lays bare the breach between advances in global policy on gender equality and humanitarianism and the implementation of these policies.
3 November 2004
Richard Price, Mark Zacher
Price, Richard & Mark Zacher (editors). The United National and Global Security. Palgrave-Macmillan, 2004.
12 October 2004
Kalevi Holsti
Holsti, Kalevi. Taming the Sovereigns: Institutional Change in International Politics. Cambridge University Press, 2004.
14 September 2004
Paul Evans
In the pantheon of new security concepts debated in East Asia in the past decade, human security is perhaps the most controversial.
30 June 2004
Max A. Cameron, Pablo Policzer
The Inter-American Democratic Charter, signed by the members of the OAS on 11 September 2001, presents an unprecedented opportunity to promote and defend democracy in the Americas
19 May 2004
Kal Holsti
Holsti, Kal (2004) Taming the Sovereigns: Institutional Change in International Politics. London: Cambridge University Press.
9 May 2004
Paul Evans, Yuen Pau Woo
China has mattered deeply to Canadians for 130 years despite vast asymmetries in power, influence, and size, and abiding differences in culture, values, political system, and level of development.
29 April 2004
Erin Baines
Baines, Erin (2004). Vulnerable Bodies: Gender, the UN and the Global Refugee Crisis. Ashgate Publishing, 2004.
26 April 2004
Richard Price
Price, Richard. "From Politics to Law: Emerging Customary Norms and Anti-Personnel Landmines," in Christian Reus-Smit, ed., The Politics of International Law (Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp.106-130.
16 April 2004
Liu Institute for Global Issues
The Secure City addresses the creation of homegrown solutions and of supportive policies at the regional, national and global levels
31 March 2004
Philippe Le Billon, F. El Khatib
From free oil to ‘freedom oil? terrorism, war and US geopolitics in the Persian Gulf
1 March 2004
Philippe Le Billon
The geopolitical economy of ‘resource wars'
1 March 2004
Ernie Regehr
Canadian policy has never focused on ballistic missile defence as a credible or even promising response to the threat of nuclear destruction via intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM)
1 December 2003
David Capie
Capie, David. Under the Gun: The Small Arms Challenge in the Pacific. Victoria University of Wellington Press, 2003.
27 October 2003
Lloyd Axworthy
Emma is a young, thirteen year old girl from the Gulu region of Uganda who I met just over a year ago during an international conference on war-affected children held in my home city of Winnipeg
17 October 2003
Andrew Mack
A critical response to the article by Adam Smith (2003) From Democracy to Conflict: The UN’s Search for Peace and Security
1 September 2003
David S. McDonough
The 2002 Nuclear Posture Review: The New Triad, Counterproliferation, and U.S. Grand Strategy, by David S. McDonough, August 2003.
14 August 2003
Allen Sens, Alexander Moens, Lenard Cohen
Sens, Allen; Alexander Moens & Lenard Cohen (editors). NATO and European Security: Alliance Politics from the End of the Cold War to the Age of Terrorism. Praeger Publisher, 2003.
4 August 2003
Richard Price
Price, Richard. "Transnational Civil Society and Advocacy in World Politics," World Politics, 55:4 (July 2003), pp.579-606.
20 July 2003
Patricia Marchak
Marchak, Patricia. Reigns of Terror. McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003.
13 June 2003
Rasheed Draman
The Roundtable on Strengthening Regional Capacity for Conflict Resolution in West Africa was hosted by the African Security Dialogue and Research, (ASDR), in Accra, Ghana
1 June 2003
Philippe Le Billon
Buying peace or fuelling war: the role of corruption in armed conflicts
1 May 2003
Kathryn Furlong, Andrew Mack
This report explores the UN's history and capability to carry out the committment enshrined in Paragraph 1, Article 1 of the UN Charter
1 May 2003
Brian Job, Alexander Moens, Lenard Cohen
Cohen, Lenard; Brian Job & Alexander Moens (editors). Foreign Policy Realignment in the Age of Terror. Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies, Toronto, 2003.
20 April 2003
Philippe Le Billon
The political ecology of war and resource exploitation
1 April 2003
Philippe Le Billon
Matières premières, violences et conflits armés
1 April 2003
Nicole Jackson
Jackson, Nicole. Russian Foreign Policy and the CIS: Theories, Debates and Actions. Routledge Press, 2003.
29 March 2003
Erin Baines
Baines, Erin (2003). "The Contradictions of Canadian Commitments to Refugee Women", in D. Stienstra, C Sjolander & H. Smith, eds. Gendered Discourses, Gendered Practices: Canadian Foreign Policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
11 March 2003
Cameron Ortis, Paul Evans
Ortis, Cameron J. and Paul Evans (2003) "The Internet and Asia-Pacific security: old conflicts and new behaviour," Pacific Review Vol. 16 No. 4: 549-572.
26 February 2003
David Capie
Capie, Davie. (2003) "Rival Regions? East Asian Regionalism and its Challenge to the Asia-Pacific," in James Rolfe (ed.) Asia-Pacific: A Region in Transition (forthcoming, 2003). And "The Price of Parsimony: Power and its Limits in John Mearsheimer's Tragedy of Great Power Politics" Issues and Studies, vol. 39, no. 2.
20 January 2003
Philippe Le Billon
Logging in muddy waters: the politics of forest exploitation in Cambodia
1 December 2002
Patricia Spittal, Fabius Okumu LLM, Geoffrey Oyat
This report is a call for urgent action in Northern Uganda. Large numbers of innocent civilians have been killed in the conflict since March 2002
1 October 2002
Philippe Le Billon, Addison, T., M. Murshed
Conflict in Africa: the cost of peaceful behavior
1 September 2002
Kalevi Holsti
Holsti, Kalevi (2002). "Performance and Perils of Realism in the Study of International Politics," in Michael Brecher and Frank P. Harvey (eds.), Realism and Institutionalism in International Studies. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, pp. 72-87. Printed simultaneously in Michael Brecher and Frank B. Harvey (eds.), Millennial Reflections on International Studies. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, pp. 95-106.
11 August 2002
Hadi Dowlatabadi, ACX/Simon, Lloyd Axworthy
The Arctic consultation was attended by a diverse group of participants including physical scientists, social scientists, practitioners and government
10 April 2002
Lloyd Axworthy
The architecture of arms control and disarmament agreements is under challenge. Direct challenges to existing and pending treaties these days are in fact part of a larger pattern – the undermining of security, environmental, and human rights regimes
4 April 2002
Kalevi Holsti
Holsti, Kalevi (2002). "The Problem of Change in International Relations Theory," in Yale H. Ferguson and R. J. Barry Jones (eds.), Political Space: Frontiers of Change and Governance in a Globalizing World. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, pp. 23-44.
15 March 2002
Lloyd Axworthy
Six months ago today, terrorists attacked the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Shock waves from that assault are still reverberating in most corners of the world
11 March 2002
On February 14-15, 2002, a delegation of Canadians and invitees from multilateral organizations, developing and industrialized countries met at the Liu Institute for the Vancouver Roundtable
14 February 2002
Lloyd Axworthy et al.
The name Afghanistan is ever-present on the lips of politicians and the television screens of the world. But the Afghan people and the terrible humanitarian crisis they suffer has been all but absent
6 November 2001
Philippe Le Billon
Most downloaded article for this journal in 2004
1 June 2001
Summary and analysis of the Consultation on the Impact of National Missile Defence on Global Nuclear Policy that was held Feb. 16, 2001
15 February 2001
Simon Dalby
Geopolitical Change and Contemporary Security Studies: Contextualizing the Human Security Agenda, by Simon Dalby, April 2000.
15 April 2000
Andrew Mack
This article examines the potential for several Northeast Asia countries that have the technical expertise to be considered virtual nuclear powers and who could acquire nuclear weapons in a relatively short period of time
3 January 2000
Andrew Richter
The Revolution in Military Affairs and Its Impact on Canada: The Challenge and the Consequences, by Andrew Richter, March 1999.
1 March 1999
Jing-dong Yuan
Asia and Nonproliferation After the Cold War: Issues, Challenges and Strategies, by J.D. Yuan, February 1999.
10 February 1999
Robert E. Bedeski, Andrew Andersen, Santo Darmosumarto
Small Arms Trade and Proliferation in East Asia: Southeast Asia and the Russian Far East, by Robert E. Bedeski, Andrew Andersen, and Santo Darmosumarto, September 1998.
5 September 1998
Mark W. Zacher
Uniting Nations: Global Regimes and the UN System, by Mark W. Zacher, August 1998.
12 August 1998
Scott Pegg
De Facto States in the International System, by Scott Pegg, February 1998.
8 February 1998
Jing-dong Yuan
Sino-Russian Confidence Building Measures: A Preliminary Analysis, by Jing-dong Yuan, January 1998.
26 January 1998
Allan Castle
Transnational Organized Crime and International Security, by Allan Castle, November 1997.
15 November 1997
This paper is a follow-on to a companion piece (Working Paper No. 6) that examined the scope,nature and causes of recent conventional arms acquisitions in the Asia Pacific region and identified current or prospective developments about which Canada should be concerned. The current paper explores means of curbing potentially troublesome developments, points to some that might be more useful than others, and suggests the most feasible avenues for Canadian involvement.
1 November 1997
This paper examines the scope, nature and causes of recent conventional arms acquisitions in the Asia Pacific region and identifies current or prospective developments about which Canada should be concerned. Over the last ten years, most Asia Pacific states have improved their ability to patrol, defend and control their own territories and nearby coastal areas. Some states are now starting to acquire weapon systems that would enable them to patrol, defend and possibly control areas further afield. To an extent, the individual arms buildups across the region could be described as sensible examples of modernizing outdated equipment and rounding out unbalanced force postures. However, troubling consequences could result from the general change in the character of military equipment being introduced throughout the region, as well as from the effects of recent procurements on existing disputes and insecurities. The paper is meant to be read in conjunction with a companion piece (Working Paper No 7) that explores means of curbing potentially troublesome developments and suggests the most feasible avenues for Canadian involvement.
1 November 1997
Lawrence T. Woods
John Nelson (1873-1936) and the Origins of Canadian participation in APEC, by Lawrence T. Woods, October 1997.
26 October 1997
Allen Sens, Albert Legault
Canada's Transatlantic Interests and the Enlargement of NATO, by Allen G. Sens and Albert Legault, August 1997.
15 August 1997
Elizabeth Speed
This paper examines the evolution of Chinese naval power and its consequent impact on East Asian security. Viewed historically, the 1970s marked a key turning point in the national recognition of Chinese maritime interests and the need to secure and promote them. The Chinese navy now has an offshore forward defence strategy and is in the midst of an extensive and ambitious naval modernization program. The reconfiguration of Chinese naval power poses a potential threat to East Asian stability and security. China increasingly has the capacity to challenge the territorial status quo in Asia and to alter significantly the regional balance of power. It is imperative that the emerging regional security framework encourage Chinese participation. Likewise, China must increase its level of military transparency in order to ease regional apprehensions.
1 August 1997
Robert H. Jackson, Mark W. Zacher
The Territorial Covenant: International Society and the Stabilization of Boundaries, by Robert H. Jackson and Mark W. Zacher, July 1997.
14 July 1997
Cathal J. Nolan
This working paper traces the evolution of the following concerns with the CSCE/OSCE process: (1) the influence of liberal ideas about the fundamental supports of security in foreign policy decisions, in particular the role of moral norms and a presumed correlation of internal repression with external aggression; (2) the influence of public opinion on human rights policy in an area of primary security concern; and (3) the expanding role of transnational values and agreements within the OSCE region. The study thus illuminates policy background concerning appropriate responses to security problems born of democratization in Eastern Europe and the main successor states to the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. This is important as it is already clear that in several of these countries, along with new political and cultural openness and freedom, ethnic violence and economic ‘scapegoating’ of minorities is on the rise. The historic mix of ethnic influences on Western policy toward the region, rising levels of minority and other persecution throughout Eurasia, and the consequent refugee flows this presents for the OSCE area, suggest that the importance of “Human Dimension” issues as an underpinning to cooperative security will only increase in coming years.
1 April 1997
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This paper addresses the issue of the naval arms buildup in the Asia Pacific region and the frequently-expressed fears that it might turn into an all-out arms race. The authors find that although the naval buildup has not yet turned into a full-scale arms race throughout the region, a) there is a genuine naval arms race already occurring between the PRC and Taiwan; b) the historical precursors of an arms race are now in place throughout Northeast Asia; and, c) there is a clear danger of an inter-ASEAN naval arms race. The paper concludes by emphasizing the need to put in place official mechanisms to enhance cooperative maritime security, consisting of a combination of confidence building and risk reduction measures together with multinational naval cooperation leading toward full-scale maritime security regimes.
1 March 1997
André Laliberté
Taiwan: Between Two Nationalisms, by André Laliberté, January 1997
22 January 1997
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