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Publications in "Environment" research area
Jane Lister, Genevieve LeBaron
The research argues that supply chain audits are working for corporations but failing workers and the environment
15 January 2016
New research by Liu Scholar, Sara D. Elder, explores the role of corporate social responsibility as a business tool to promote food security in the global South.
8 July 2015
New research, based on a study completed by the Oceans 2015 Initiative, examines how climate change will impact fisheries and the many coastal communities that depend heavily on fisheries resources for foods and economic security.
2 July 2015
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20 May 2015
Navin Ramankutty
Professor Navin Ramankutty co-authored a paper published in Nature
19 November 2014
Peter Dauvergne, Genevieve LeBaron
14 March 2014
Rosemary-Claire Collard, Jessica Dempsey
A publication in Enviornment and Planning A, co-authored by Rosemary-Claire Collard and Jessica Dempsey, with support from the Liu Scholar Program.
4 December 2013
Philippe Le Billon, Hisham Zerriffi, Sara D. Edler
Journal article written by Sara D. Edler, Hisham Zerriffi and Philippe Le Billon published in the Journal of Rural Studies, Volume 32, Pages 264-274.
1 October 2013
Jane Lister
Jane Lister, co-author (with Peter Dauvergne) of "Eco-Business: A Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability", speaks to Radio New Zealand about whether the recent corporate embrace of 'sustainability' is making any environmental impact on the earth.
19 June 2013
Peter Dauvergne, Jane Lister
An excerpt from Peter Dauvergne and Jane Lister's book, Eco-Business, is published in The World Financial Review.
29 May 2013
Peter Dauvergne, Jane Lister
A new book by Peter Dauvergne and Jane Lister.
1 April 2013
Jane Lister, Peter Dauvergne
Peter Dauvergne and Jane Lister published a new open access article on the e-IR website for International Relations scholars on the corporatization of sustainability.
17 January 2013
Hisham Zerriffi, Emily Anderson
An exploration of the implications of seeking cobenefits in carbon agroforestry programs.
24 July 2012
Jane Lister, Genevieve LeBaron
A Working Paper on the Political Economy of Transnational Retail Governance in China.
6 July 2012
Milind Kandlikar, Conor Reynolds
A study of air pollutant emissions from Indian auto-rickshaws with Associate Professor Milind Kandlikar and Visiting Fellow Conor Reynolds will be published in the April 2012 volume of Atmospheric Environment.
1 April 2012
Burning coal, wood or charcoal for cooking kills two million people worldwide, each year — more than malaria — thanks to severe respiratory diseases this causes through indoor pollution, warns an expert. Energy poverty, which is about limited access to clean sources of energy, is practically driving half the global population to rely on such smoke producing sources of fuel, probably the biggest source of indoor pollution, says Hisham Zerriffi, an assistant professor at the Liu Institute for Global Issues at UBC. “Energy poverty is one of the biggest human welfare issues of our day,” he says. The work was presented on Friday at the 2012 annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Vancouver.
17 February 2012
Milind Kandlikar, Andrew P. Grieshop
The health and climate impacts of available household cooking options in developing countries vary sharply. Here, we analyze and compare these impacts (health; climate) and the potential co-benefits from the use of fuel and stove combinations. Our results indicate that health and climate impacts span 2 orders of magnitude among the technologies considered. Indoor air pollution is heavily impacted by combustion performance and ventilation; climate impacts are influenced by combustion performance and fuel properties including biomass renewability. Emission components not included in current carbon trading schemes, such as black carbon particles and carbon monoxide, can contribute a large proportion of the total climate impact. Multiple ‘improved’ stove options analyzed in this paper yield roughly equivalent climate benefits but have different impacts on indoor air pollution. Improvements to biomass stoves can improve indoor air quality, which nonetheless remains significantly higher than for stoves that use liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons. LPG- and kerosene-fueled stoves have unrivaled air quality benefits and their climate impacts are also lower than all but the cleanest stoves using renewable biomass.
24 November 2011
Hisham Zerriffi
A major energy challenge of the 21st century is the health and welfare of 2.7 billion people worldwide, who currently rely on burning biomass in traditional household cooking systems. This Special Issue on Clean Cooking Fuels and Technologies in Developing Economies builds upon an IAEE workshop on this subject, held in Istanbul in 2008 (Foell et al., 2008). It includes several papers from that workshop plus papers commissioned afterwards. The major themes of that workshop and this Special Issue are: • Analytical and decision frameworks for analysis and policy development for clean cooking fuels. • Making energy provisioning a central component of development strategies. • Strategies/business models of suppliers of modern fuels and technologies. • Analysis of successes/failures of past policies and programs to improve access to clean cooking. This introductory paper serves as a preamble to the 11 papers in this Special Issue. It provides a brief background on household cooking fuels and technologies, including: (1) their implications for sustainable development, health and welfare, gender impacts, and environment/climate issues; (2) options and scenarios for improved household cooling systems; and (3) discussions of institutions, programs and markets. It closes with “Research and Action Agendas”, initially developed during the 2008 workshop.
24 November 2011
Hisham Zerriffi
The provision of adequate, reliable, and affordable energy has been considered as a cornerstone of development. More than one-third of the world's population has a very limited access to modern energy services and suffers from its various negative consequences. Researchers have been exploring various dimensions of household energy use in order to design strategies to provide secure access to modern energy services. However, despite more than three decades of effort, our understanding of household energy use patterns is very limited, particularly in the context of rural regions of the developing world. Through this paper, the past and the current trends in the field of energy analysis are investigated. The literature on rural energy and energy transition in developing world has been explored and the factors affecting households' decisions on energy use are listed. The and the factors affecting households' decisions on energy use are listed. The gaps identified in the literature on rural household energy analysis provide a basis for developing an alternative model that can create a more realistic view of household energy use. The three dimensional energy profile is presented as a new conceptual model for assessment of household energy use. This framework acts as a basis for building new theoretical and empirical models of rural household energy use.
24 November 2011
Hisham Zerriffi
Burning of biomass for cooking is associated with health problems and climate change impacts. Many previous efforts to disseminate improved stoves – primarily by governments and NGOs – have not been successful. Based on interviews with 12 organizations selling improved biomass stoves, we assess the results to date and future prospects of commercial stove operations in India. Specifically, we consider how the ability of these businesses to achieve scale and become self-sustaining has been influenced by six elements of their respective business models: design, customers targeted, financing, marketing, channel strategy, and organizational characteristics. The two companies with the most stoves in the field shared in common generous enterprise financing, a sophisticated approach to developing a sales channel, and many person-years of management experience in marketing and operations. And yet the financial sustainability of improved stove sales to households remains far from assured. The only company in our sample with demonstrated profitability is a family-owned business selling to commercial rather than household customers. The stove sales leader is itself now turning to the commercial segment to maintain flagging cash flow, casting doubt on the likelihood of large positive impacts on health from sales to households in the near term.
24 November 2011
By Randy Shore
As the world prepares to unleash $100-billion-a-year of climate change aid on the developing world, three academics at UBC have set the table for a rational discussion about how to spend the money. In an article published in Science, Simon Donner, Milind Kandlikar and Hisham Zerriffi argue that the world must learn from the waste and misappropriation that has characterized much of the history of foreign aid and apply scientific standards to decision-making about project funding. “In some cases rigorous, randomized control trials can test specific hypotheses about aid initiatives and policies,” writes Donner and his two colleagues.
19 November 2011
By Deborah Jones
A group of climate science experts from the Liu Institute have recommended measures to manage billions of dollars earmarked to help poor countries fight climate change, and avoid problems common among aid programs. In Cancun last year world leaders pledged $100 billion annually, starting in 2020, to help developing countries adapt to climate change and mitigate the damage. In a paper published in the journal Science, Simon Donner and his colleagues Milind Kandlikar and Hisham Zerriffi, all of UBC, make three main recommendations for managing the funds. “The international aid system is fraught with problems, and by adding another $100 million a year to it, basically doubling it, we could end up worsening a lot of problems,” said Donner.
17 November 2011
Hisham Zerriffi, Milind Kandlikar, Simon Donner
At the 2010 Cancun Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the international community agreed in principle to one of the largest development programs in history. The developed nations pledged to mobilize U.S.$100 billion per year by the year 2020 to “address the needs of developing countries” in responding to climate change (1). The funds, which may apply to adaptation and mitigation, are proposed to flow through multiple channels, including existing development banks, official development assistance, bilateral programs, international private investment flows (e.g., carbon markets), and other public and private mechanisms. Recommendations provided by a transitional committee for the management and operation of the proposed climate change financing will be considered by the parties to the UNFCCC at the upcoming conference in Durban, South Africa (2).
17 November 2011
Milind Kandlikar, Hisham Zerriffi
A quantitative assessment of the national representation of authors in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
30 September 2011
As part of a Canada wide process to create dialogue on the Canadian position going into Rio+20, and to provide inputs to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Liu Institute's Corporate Social Responsibility Network and One Earth Initiative Society held a consultation with representatives from civil society, non-governmental organizations, local/regional government, business, and academia.
25 July 2011
Jane Lister
Postdoctoral Fellow, Jane Lister's new book on international approaches to forest co-regulation is now available.
9 June 2011
Hisham Zerriffi
Prof. Hisham Zerriffi outlines the energy poverty problem in this TEDx Georgia Straight Forum "The New Energy".
8 April 2011
Jane Lister, Peter Dauvergne
This trailblazing book is the first to expose what's happening inside corporate commodity chains with conclusions that fundamentally challenge our understanding of how and why deforestation persists.
3 March 2011
Conor Reynolds, Milind Kandlikar, Andrew Grieshop
A pioneering program by one of the world’s largest cities to switch its vehicle fleet to clean fuel has not significantly improved harmful vehicle emissions in more than 5,000 vehicles – and worsened some vehicles’ climate impacts – a new University of British Columbia study finds.
1 March 2011
Hisham Zerriffi
Professor Hisham Zerriffi's new book will be released in December and is now available for preorder.
1 November 2010
Peter Dauvergne, Jane Lister
This article, published in the journal "Organization & Environment", analyzes eco-consumerism as a mechanism for global change, specifically looking at its value for improving forest management globally.
30 June 2010
Margaret Purdy, Leanne Smythe
Margaret Purdy and Leanne Smythe, as part of the Security and Defence Forum Program at the Liu Insitute for Global Issues, recently published this article in International Journal.
29 June 2010
The potential security implications of climate change have received less attention in Canada than in many other countries. A January 28-29, 2010 workshop in Ottawa organized by a research team at the Liu Institute for Global Issues helped fill this gap.
25 March 2010
An annotated guide to the literature and research reports on the nexus between climate change and security. The project team will update this guide regularly.
18 March 2010
This paper is a review of the climate change and security references contained within six different reports released since January 2010 by the governments of the United States and United Kingdom
22 February 2010
Margaret Purdy
On January 28th, 2010, Margaret Purdy spoke at the Climate Change-Security Workshop in Ottawa about the responsibilities of national or federal governments in countries such as Canada in terms of the climate change-security nexus.
28 January 2010
Hisham Zerriffi
This paper analyzes how the two goals of climate change mitigation and of providing basic energy services in the developing world, have been balanced by the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Project documents are used to determine whether incremental costs of installing renewables were covered by GEF funds and whether the costs are comparable with other carbon mitigation options. The results raise concerns about the effectiveness and appropriateness of GEF funding of such projects and highlight the importance of post-Kyoto framework design to reduce emissions and promote development.
12 January 2010
Margaret Purdy
On October 29th, 2009, Margaret Purdy spoke to the Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies (CASIS) International Conference, about the security implications of climate change for Canada. Margaret outlined why the climate change-security nexus is so critical for Canada and offered five recommendations for action.
29 October 2009
By Mike Blanchfield
Flooding. Drought. Wildfires. Mass migrations of desperate people. Mike Blanchfield explains why security experts fear climate change will lead to war on a scale we have yet to see on this planet. Margaret Purdy, senior research fellow at the Center of International Relations, says "I don't want to be a scaremonger, but I am concerned climate change does not seem to be a priority within Canada's security, intelligence, defence establishment. I'm concerned that, as far as I know, Canadian security players haven't analysed the existing scientific reports." Purdy says, that with the exception of some notable work in the departments of Health and Natural Resources, no one has tried to quantify the long-term security effects of climate change in Canada.
25 July 2009
Kate Neville, Leanne Smythe
Environmental Activism or National Security Threat? Policy Options for Addressing Radical Environmental Targeting, by Kate Neville and Leanne Smythe, May 2009
20 May 2009
Margaret Purdy
Human-induced climate change over the coming century is likely to threaten not only physical ecosystems, but also the security of individuals, societies, and states. By precipitating natural disasters, and by affecting the livelihood of communities, climate change may exacerbate existing social tensions, create incentives for illegal actions, place unbearable strains on the capacities of states, and lead to resource disputes and struggles between and within states.
1 May 2009
Michael Byers, By Bob Weber
The day before politicians from all Arctic nations were scheduled to meet in Norway, the world's Inuit released a declaration saying they have a right to join any talks that affect the future of their frozen homeland, participation that they say has so far been denied. Michael Byers, a Liu Institute professor and Arctic expert, says Inuit continue to be excluded from crucial meetings even though they have observer status on the Arctic Council. "What we see with this declaration is an organized attempt to insert themselves back into the discussion," he said. "It's a political case. It's a moral case."
28 April 2009
Leanne Smythe, Margaret Purdy
Does Stephen Harper's team grasp the security consequences of warming temperatures, rising sea levels, extreme weather events and precipitation changes? Do they realize that climate change may represent a more complex and serious threat than terrorism and crime, their current security preoccupations? Sadly for Canada, no.
6 April 2009
Michael Byers
Michael Byers, Canada Research Chair in Global Politics and International Law at UBC, argues it's "time for both Canada and the United States to stop the shenanigans -- and negotiate a comprehensive agreement on shipping in the North."
5 March 2009
Michael Byers, By Randy Boswell
Michael Byers, a UBC expert in polar politics, says Canada needs to at least consider a moratorium on Arctic Ocean fisheries to protect and foster a potentially lucrative new resource in the region's warming waters. "Serious attention does need to be directed to the issue, and certain guiding principles applied, including the precautionary principle and a principle of first access for indigenous peoples," he said.
15 February 2009
Margaret Purdy
A presentation by Margaret Purdy (via video link) to a conference entitled Climate Change and Security: Planning for the Future, Wellington, New Zealand
14 November 2008
Margaret Purdy
An overview of the Climate Change and Security Research Project presented by Margaret Purdy to the Annual Conference of the Security and Defence Forum, Vancouver
24 October 2008
Paul Evans
From Monday's Globe and Mail, October 20, 2008 at 6:30 AM EDT
20 October 2008
Yves Tiberghien
In the wake of the tragic Sichuan earthquake, something big is astir in China. It was not just the earth that shook on this peaceful afternoon of May 12, 2008. Society and the political world moved as well.
5 June 2008
Brian Job
The Conference of Defense Associations Institute, Vimy Paper 2008
16 May 2008
Michael Byers
In a Toronto Star op-ed, UBC Canada Research Chair Michael Byers calls Prime Minister Stephen Harper "a small man" for "playing games [with the environment] while the planet burns." "At [a recent] Commonwealth summit, Harper scuppered an initiative that would have seen developed countries take the lead in reducing greenhouse gas emissions," Byers writes. "He insisted that binding commitments must be adopted by every country or none at all."
3 December 2007
Michael Byers
An interview with Michael Byers on his new manifesto for Canada’s role in the world, 'Intent for a Nation: What is Canada For?'
14 September 2007
Michael Byers
Chapter 7: A True North Strong and Free.
10 September 2007
Michael Byers
Whether we like it or not, Arctic policy has become foreign policy. At the same time, the success of much of that foreign policy will depend on our ability to co-operate with the people who have long called the Arctic their home
20 August 2007
Michael Byers
Prime Minister Stephen Harper has prudently decided to refurbish an old wharf on northern Baffin Island for use by the navy and Coast Guard. More precautionary action such as this is needed to protect Canadian and U.S. interests in the Northwest Passage, an area replete with uncertainty and risk.
11 August 2007
Michael Byers
Playing against George Grant’s seminal Lament for a Nation, Intent for a Nation is Michael Byers's informed and opinionated overview of where Canada stands in the world and what aggressive and progressive social, environmental, and governmental policies are needed to carry the country forward in an ever more competitive and volatile world.
11 July 2007
Pagliccia N, Ibarra AM, Bonet M, Jerry Spiegel, Ouellette V, Yassi
Over the past 20 years, dengue fever (DF) has emerged as a serious global health problem
1 April 2007
Michael Byers
In 2004, the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment reported that the average extent of sea-ice cover in summer had declined by 15-20 per cent over the previous 30 years. The remaining ice was 10-15 per cent thinner overall and 40 per cent thinner in the m
22 March 2007
Jerry Spiegel
As antiretroviral (ARV) therapy becomes increasingly accessible in sub-Saharan Africa, it is important to understand whether and how the associated clinical improvements correspond with changes in the incidence of pregnancy and fertility
6 December 2006
Michael Byers
Concessions needed to achieve a meagre compromise deprived the Montreal conference of all but the most modest results says Michael Byers.
13 December 2005
David Barber, Louis Fortier & Michael Byers
In the disaster blockbuster, ”The Day After Tomorrow,“ the shrinking of polar ice caused by climate change unleashes an extreme weather Armaggedon which, among other things, sees the Statue of Liberty engulfed by a tidal wave. The predictions offered here by David Barber, Louis Fortier and Michael Byers are less cataclysmic but equally compelling. In relaying the scientific evidence and outlining the ecological, economic and political impacts of polar climate change, Barber, Fortier and Byers present a chilling case for heading off doomsday.
2 December 2005
Edited by: Philippe Le Billon
From the oil fields of the Persian Gulf to the diamond mines of West Africa, millions of people in resource rich countries have seen their lives devastated as a result of exploitative commercial relations, corrupt governance, and war. Going beyond conventional arguments of violent competition over scarce resources, this edited volume provides critical perspectives on so-called ‘resource wars?
12 July 2005
Philippe Le Billon
Corruption, reconstruction and oil governance in Iraq
1 June 2005
Philippe Le Billon
Aid in the midst of plenty: oil wealth, misery, and advocacy in Angola
1 March 2005
Philippe Le Billon
Fuelling war. Natural resources and armed conflicts
1 March 2005
Michael Byers
Climate Change in the Arctic
8 January 2005
Philippe Le Billon, F. El Khatib
From free oil to ‘freedom oil? terrorism, war and US geopolitics in the Persian Gulf
1 March 2004
Philippe Le Billon
The geopolitical economy of ‘resource wars'
1 March 2004
Phillip Von Wielligh, Piet Kolbe, Wayne Dunn
In the late 1990s the South African mining industry was undergoing major changes that would alter the shape of the entire industry
1 July 2003
Philippe Le Billon
Buying peace or fuelling war: the role of corruption in armed conflicts
1 May 2003
Philippe Le Billon
The political ecology of war and resource exploitation
1 April 2003
Philippe Le Billon
Matières premières, violences et conflits armés
1 April 2003
Hadi Dowlatabadi et al.
Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are far from the daily concerns of Canadians. A sustainable climate policy can only be built by explicitly addressing the core concerns of industry, communities and citizens
11 January 2003
Philippe Le Billon
Logging in muddy waters: the politics of forest exploitation in Cambodia
1 December 2002
Hadi Dowlatabadi, ACX/Simon, Lloyd Axworthy
The Arctic consultation was attended by a diverse group of participants including physical scientists, social scientists, practitioners and government
10 April 2002
Philippe Le Billon
Most downloaded article for this journal in 2004
1 June 2001
George Hoberg, Paul Howe
Law, Knowledge and National Interests in Trade Disputes: The Case of Softwood Lumber, by George Hoberg and Paul Howe, June 1999.
13 June 1999
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