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Publications in "Climate Change" research area
New research, based on a study completed by the Oceans 2015 Initiative, examines how climate change will impact fisheries and the many coastal communities that depend heavily on fisheries resources for foods and economic security.
2 July 2015
Navin Ramankutty
Professor Navin Ramankutty co-authored a paper published in Nature
19 November 2014
By Randy Shore
As the world prepares to unleash $100-billion-a-year of climate change aid on the developing world, three academics at UBC have set the table for a rational discussion about how to spend the money. In an article published in Science, Simon Donner, Milind Kandlikar and Hisham Zerriffi argue that the world must learn from the waste and misappropriation that has characterized much of the history of foreign aid and apply scientific standards to decision-making about project funding. “In some cases rigorous, randomized control trials can test specific hypotheses about aid initiatives and policies,” writes Donner and his two colleagues.
19 November 2011
By Deborah Jones
A group of climate science experts from the Liu Institute have recommended measures to manage billions of dollars earmarked to help poor countries fight climate change, and avoid problems common among aid programs. In Cancun last year world leaders pledged $100 billion annually, starting in 2020, to help developing countries adapt to climate change and mitigate the damage. In a paper published in the journal Science, Simon Donner and his colleagues Milind Kandlikar and Hisham Zerriffi, all of UBC, make three main recommendations for managing the funds. “The international aid system is fraught with problems, and by adding another $100 million a year to it, basically doubling it, we could end up worsening a lot of problems,” said Donner.
17 November 2011
Hisham Zerriffi, Milind Kandlikar, Simon Donner
At the 2010 Cancun Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the international community agreed in principle to one of the largest development programs in history. The developed nations pledged to mobilize U.S.$100 billion per year by the year 2020 to “address the needs of developing countries” in responding to climate change (1). The funds, which may apply to adaptation and mitigation, are proposed to flow through multiple channels, including existing development banks, official development assistance, bilateral programs, international private investment flows (e.g., carbon markets), and other public and private mechanisms. Recommendations provided by a transitional committee for the management and operation of the proposed climate change financing will be considered by the parties to the UNFCCC at the upcoming conference in Durban, South Africa (2).
17 November 2011
Milind Kandlikar, Hisham Zerriffi
A quantitative assessment of the national representation of authors in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
30 September 2011
Conor Reynolds, Milind Kandlikar, Andrew Grieshop
A pioneering program by one of the world’s largest cities to switch its vehicle fleet to clean fuel has not significantly improved harmful vehicle emissions in more than 5,000 vehicles – and worsened some vehicles’ climate impacts – a new University of British Columbia study finds.
1 March 2011
Margaret Purdy, Leanne Smythe
Margaret Purdy and Leanne Smythe, as part of the Security and Defence Forum Program at the Liu Insitute for Global Issues, recently published this article in International Journal.
29 June 2010
The potential security implications of climate change have received less attention in Canada than in many other countries. A January 28-29, 2010 workshop in Ottawa organized by a research team at the Liu Institute for Global Issues helped fill this gap.
25 March 2010
An annotated guide to the literature and research reports on the nexus between climate change and security. The project team will update this guide regularly.
18 March 2010
This paper is a review of the climate change and security references contained within six different reports released since January 2010 by the governments of the United States and United Kingdom
22 February 2010
Margaret Purdy
On January 28th, 2010, Margaret Purdy spoke at the Climate Change-Security Workshop in Ottawa about the responsibilities of national or federal governments in countries such as Canada in terms of the climate change-security nexus.
28 January 2010
Hisham Zerriffi
This paper analyzes how the two goals of climate change mitigation and of providing basic energy services in the developing world, have been balanced by the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Project documents are used to determine whether incremental costs of installing renewables were covered by GEF funds and whether the costs are comparable with other carbon mitigation options. The results raise concerns about the effectiveness and appropriateness of GEF funding of such projects and highlight the importance of post-Kyoto framework design to reduce emissions and promote development.
12 January 2010
Margaret Purdy
On October 29th, 2009, Margaret Purdy spoke to the Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies (CASIS) International Conference, about the security implications of climate change for Canada. Margaret outlined why the climate change-security nexus is so critical for Canada and offered five recommendations for action.
29 October 2009
By Mike Blanchfield
Flooding. Drought. Wildfires. Mass migrations of desperate people. Mike Blanchfield explains why security experts fear climate change will lead to war on a scale we have yet to see on this planet. Margaret Purdy, senior research fellow at the Center of International Relations, says "I don't want to be a scaremonger, but I am concerned climate change does not seem to be a priority within Canada's security, intelligence, defence establishment. I'm concerned that, as far as I know, Canadian security players haven't analysed the existing scientific reports." Purdy says, that with the exception of some notable work in the departments of Health and Natural Resources, no one has tried to quantify the long-term security effects of climate change in Canada.
25 July 2009
Margaret Purdy
Human-induced climate change over the coming century is likely to threaten not only physical ecosystems, but also the security of individuals, societies, and states. By precipitating natural disasters, and by affecting the livelihood of communities, climate change may exacerbate existing social tensions, create incentives for illegal actions, place unbearable strains on the capacities of states, and lead to resource disputes and struggles between and within states.
1 May 2009
Leanne Smythe, Margaret Purdy
Does Stephen Harper's team grasp the security consequences of warming temperatures, rising sea levels, extreme weather events and precipitation changes? Do they realize that climate change may represent a more complex and serious threat than terrorism and crime, their current security preoccupations? Sadly for Canada, no.
6 April 2009
Michael Byers, By Randy Boswell
Michael Byers, a UBC expert in polar politics, says Canada needs to at least consider a moratorium on Arctic Ocean fisheries to protect and foster a potentially lucrative new resource in the region's warming waters. "Serious attention does need to be directed to the issue, and certain guiding principles applied, including the precautionary principle and a principle of first access for indigenous peoples," he said.
15 February 2009
Margaret Purdy
A presentation by Margaret Purdy (via video link) to a conference entitled Climate Change and Security: Planning for the Future, Wellington, New Zealand
14 November 2008
Margaret Purdy
An overview of the Climate Change and Security Research Project presented by Margaret Purdy to the Annual Conference of the Security and Defence Forum, Vancouver
24 October 2008
Yves Tiberghien
In the wake of the tragic Sichuan earthquake, something big is astir in China. It was not just the earth that shook on this peaceful afternoon of May 12, 2008. Society and the political world moved as well.
5 June 2008
Michael Byers
Whether we like it or not, Arctic policy has become foreign policy. At the same time, the success of much of that foreign policy will depend on our ability to co-operate with the people who have long called the Arctic their home
20 August 2007
Michael Byers
Prime Minister Stephen Harper has prudently decided to refurbish an old wharf on northern Baffin Island for use by the navy and Coast Guard. More precautionary action such as this is needed to protect Canadian and U.S. interests in the Northwest Passage, an area replete with uncertainty and risk.
11 August 2007
Michael Byers
In 2004, the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment reported that the average extent of sea-ice cover in summer had declined by 15-20 per cent over the previous 30 years. The remaining ice was 10-15 per cent thinner overall and 40 per cent thinner in the m
22 March 2007
Michael Byers
Concessions needed to achieve a meagre compromise deprived the Montreal conference of all but the most modest results says Michael Byers.
13 December 2005
David Barber, Louis Fortier & Michael Byers
In the disaster blockbuster, ”The Day After Tomorrow,“ the shrinking of polar ice caused by climate change unleashes an extreme weather Armaggedon which, among other things, sees the Statue of Liberty engulfed by a tidal wave. The predictions offered here by David Barber, Louis Fortier and Michael Byers are less cataclysmic but equally compelling. In relaying the scientific evidence and outlining the ecological, economic and political impacts of polar climate change, Barber, Fortier and Byers present a chilling case for heading off doomsday.
2 December 2005
Michael Byers
Climate Change in the Arctic
8 January 2005
Hadi Dowlatabadi et al.
Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are far from the daily concerns of Canadians. A sustainable climate policy can only be built by explicitly addressing the core concerns of industry, communities and citizens
11 January 2003
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