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Publications in "Justice" research area
New research, based on a study completed by the Oceans 2015 Initiative, examines how climate change will impact fisheries and the many coastal communities that depend heavily on fisheries resources for foods and economic security.
2 July 2015
Peter Dauvergne, Genevieve LeBaron
14 March 2014
Pilar Riaño-Alcalá, Erin Baines
A special edition of The International Journal of Transitional Justice, edited by Professors Pilar Riaño-Alcalá and Erin Baines.
3 November 2012
Benjamin Perrin
Faculty Associate Benjamin Perrin writes about migrant smuggling and the Preventing Human Smugglers from Abusing Canada’s Immigration System Act (Bill C-4), which was re-introduced in Parliament in June 2011 and includes amendments to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA). “Bill C-4 contains a maligned provision that would automatically detain migrants who are part of a group arrival designated by the Minister for a year without access to review, unless they are released by the Minister or they are granted refugee status earlier,” he writes. Perrin suggests that Bill C-4 should be modified so that smuggled migrants should receive an initial review within 48 hours, with further reviews every three or six months thereafter; and so that minors should be exempted from the new regulations, and handled under the current rules that related to their age group.
14 November 2011
By Michele Kelemen
Human rights groups don’t usually cheer military forays. But they have offered loud applause for the Obama administration’s decision to send 100 military advisers to help African nations fight the notorious rebel group the Lord’s Resistance Army. Invisible Children has built a grassroots movement in the U.S. demanding more focus on the LRA. They welcomed President Obama’s offer to send in the special forces troops. But the military campaign worries Erin Baines, an assistant professor at the Liu Institute for global issues at UBC. “A large proportion of the LRA itself are children who have been abducted from their homes,” Baines said. “So they are the front line of many of these battles and they are the first to be killed because they have the least knowledge of how to hide and protect and protect themselves.”
25 October 2011
Benjamin Perrin
Member of Parliament Joy Smith and UBC Law Professor Benjamin Perrin are calling for the development of a comprehensive national action plan to combat human trafficking in Canada.
27 October 2010
Benjamin Perrin
Benjamin Perrin, author of Invisible Chains: Canada’s Underground World of Human Trafficking and a law professor at UBC, writes an editorial saying that Canada makes it easy for child sex offenders to travel abroad and sexually abuse children. “The United States requires convicted American pedophiles to notify authorities of any planned international travel…[and] also requires the destination country be notified, leaving it up to them to decide whether to admit the individual. Canada has no such law,” writes Perrin. “The federal government has yet to take decisive action on this issue. It must do so as part of a broader national action plan to combat the problem of human trafficking — a crime that is not just happening abroad, but right here in Canada.”
22 October 2010
Benjamin Perrin
Benjamin Perrin, a UBC law professor, writes about a trafficking business where children are being sold for sex on the website Craigslist. “Last month, Craigslist shut down its erotic/adult services sections completely across the U.S., but to date has refused to do so in our country. The company and its executives continue to knowingly allow the website to be used by traffickers here,” writes Perrin. “If Craigslist is unwilling to immediately end the criminal assistance that its website is providing to traffickers, then charges should be laid under the Criminal Code against the company, its founder Craig Newmark, and CEO Jim Buckmaster for aiding and abetting human trafficking and the prostitution of minors.”
7 October 2010
Benjamin Perrin
The global problem of human trafficking is only beginning to be recognized in Canada, even though it has been hidden in plain sight. In Invisible Chains, Benjamin Perrin, an award-winning law professor and policy expert, exposes cases of human trafficking, recording in-depth interviews with people on the front lines--police officers, social workers, and the victims themselves--and bringing to light government records released under access-to-information laws.
5 October 2010
Benjamin Perrin
Benjamin Perrin, a UBC law professor and author of Invisible Chains: Canada’s Underground World of Human Trafficking, writes about legalizing prostitution, after the recent court decision in Ontario. Perrin says that countries that have legalized prostitution have not succeeded in preventing the problems associated with prostitution such as physical violence, rape and murder. He says Sweden’s approach of punishing people who purchase sex is more effective. “If there’s any positive side effect of the Ontario decision, it might prompt Parliament to consider adopting the Swedish model, as the standing committee on the status of women recommended in 2007. Canada should commit to abolishing sexual exploitation,” writes Perrin.
1 October 2010
Adam Bower
As part of his doctoral dissertation research, Adam Bower recently attended (as an accredited observer), the first Review Conference of the International Criminal Court, held in Kampala, Uganda, between May 31 and June 11, 2010. Bower’s research trip was funded, in part, through a small grant from UBC’s SDF Program. What follows is a brief review of the outcomes of the Conference. Of particular interest to those in Canada’s security and defence communities is the incorporation of a definition of aggression into the Rome Statute.
12 July 2010
Benjamin Perrin
Liu Institute Faculty Fellow Benjamin Perrin has just completed a new study on trafficking in persons and transit countries, with a specific look at Canada and the United States.
7 June 2010
Benjamin Perrin
Benjamin Perrin, a faculty fellow at the Liu Institute for Global Issues, says the interception of an unflagged ship bearing the name Ocean Lady off Canada's Pacific coast is "a serious wake-up call for Canadians."
22 October 2009
Benjamin Perrin, By Sandie Benitah
CTV News featured the Liu Institute's first Global Focus, "Ending the Vacation of Canada’s Travelling Sex Offenders", as one of their top stories this long-weekend. Liu Global Focus highlights a new study by researchers at the University of British Columbia (UBC), which finds that Canada has fallen behind Australia and the United States in cracking down on its travelling child sex offenders, and calls on the RCMP to pro-actively enforce Canada’s so-called “child sex tourism” laws.
2 August 2009
Benjamin Perrin
Liu Institute Faculty Associate Ben Perrin, speaks to CTV in a report that says Winnipeg is the worst city in Canada for child sex crimes. Perrin said children as young as 12 are being forced by pimps and gangs to sell themselves on the street and on-line where it is proving very difficult to catch and convict the bad guys. The UBC professor has found more than 300 advertisements for Winnipeg girls and women on the website Craigslist.
12 July 2009
By Steve Lambert, Benjamin Perrin
Benjamin Perrin, a former federal adviser who now teaches law at UBC, says Canada needs a national plan to combat human trafficking in the sex trade. Perrin, speaking at a human trafficking forum put on by the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs, said police forces are inadequately staffed and trained to crack down on the underground system that ships young women and girls between controlling pimps. The two-day forum comes at a time when aboriginal leaders across Canada are calling for help in dealing with the number of missing or dead young native women, some of whom vanished after being lured into prostitution.
8 July 2009
Erin Baines
Dominic Ongwen is an indicted war criminal and former child soldier in one of the world’s most brutal rebel organisations, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Ongwen is at once victim and perpetrator : what justice strategy is relevant? I introduce the concept of complex political perpetrators to describe youth who occupy extremely marginal spaces in settings of chronic crisis, and who use violence as an expression of political agency. Ongwen represents a troupe of young rebels who were ‘bred’ in the shadows of illiberal war economies. Excluded from the polity, or rather never having been socialised within it, such complex political perpetrators must be recognised in the debate on transitional justice after mass atrocity, lest cycles of exclusion and violence as politics by another means continue.
30 June 2009
Benjamin Perrin
A new report by the U.S. State Department says law enforcement officials must do more to protect Canadians, particularly women and children, from being dragged into the sex trade against their will. Benjamin Perrin, a UBC law professor and human trafficking expert, said Wednesday that while Canada has laws that make human trafficking a crime, it doesn't have a national action plan to investigate crimes and prosecute offenders. "What's really missing though is putting the pieces of the puzzle all together," Perrin told CTV's Canada AM. "The report that came out yesterday criticized Canada for a lack of enforcing those laws against traffickers, and for a lack of co-ordination."
17 June 2009
Benjamin Perrin, By Camille Bains
Ben Perrin, a law professor at UBC, says Craigslist officials seem open to changing their online sex ads section in Canada after dropping it altogether in the United States. Perrin, along with the RCMP and the Peel Regional Police force in Ontario have discussed the issue with the online classified ad company in an effort to prevent sexual exploitation of minors. “There's an agreement to move forward to the next stage, which is to begin to discuss some of the specific measures and assess which would be most effective in the Canadian context,” he said.
10 June 2009
Benjamin Perrin, By Tamara Cherry
A section of Craigslist that has been used to advertise erotic services will be replaced by a more tightly monitored adult services section in the U.S., leaving Canadian experts hopeful that a similar move may happen here. "Craigslist continues to be the leading website where individuals buy and sell old computer equipment, unwanted sofas and, in many cases, victims of human trafficking in the sex trade," said UBC-based human trafficking expert Benjamin Perrin. "You can't ignore it. "(Craigslist) has really fundamentally changed the nature of sexual exploitation in Canada and it's continued to do that very rapidly," he said.
15 May 2009
Michael Byers, By Paul Koring
Michael Byers, who holds the Canadian Research Chair in International Law and Politics at UBC, argues Canada's catch-and-release approach to countering piracy off Somalia is at odds with other Western navies and flouts Ottawa's obligations under international law. "It's ludicrous for the Harper government to claim that it can't arrest and prosecute pirates," he said. "Canada has a legal obligation under the United Nations and international law to bring pirates to justice." Like most experts interviewed by the Globe and Mail, he said the international community must deal with the heart of the problem, which is the failed and anarchic state of Somalia.
1 May 2009
Benjamin Perrin, By Tamara Cherry
Benjamin Perrin, an assistant professor at the Liu Institute, UBC, says Toronto Police Service isn't holding pimps accountable for the slave trade plaguing the city's streets. The accusation came after the arrest of an alleged pimp in the city's northwest end Tuesday. All charges point to human trafficking yet no such charge was laid, Perrin said. "It's analogous to if someone is murdered and you simply charge them with multiple assault counts or serious aggravated assaults. There's a more serious charge that should be laid," he said.
30 April 2009
Michael Byers, By Joanne Chianello
The precedent-setting case against Momin Khawaja proves that the Canadian legal system can deal with terrorists without further aggressive anti-terror-ism laws. "Instead of having secret prisons and courts making use of secret evidence, here we have a trial in open court where the perpetrator is sentenced to a minimum sentence of 10 years hard time," said Michael Byers, a professor at the Liu University for Global Issues, University of British Columbia. "It's a balanced, reasonable, yet weighty outcome, one that shows that our legal system, with all of its checks and balances, can deal responsibly and effectively with terrorism.
13 March 2009
CTV W-FIVE, Benjamin Perrin
The Liu Institute's Benjamin Perrin was interviewed in a W-FIVE report looking at why Canadian authorities aren't doing more to catch its pedophiles overseas. Perrin obtained records through Access to Information requests that show between 1993 and 2008, despite few convictions at home, at least 156 Canadians faced local charges in foreign jurisdictions for offences related to child sex abuse and exploitation.
7 March 2009
Benjamin Perrin, By Camille Bains
UBC law professor Ben Perrin, a leading expert on human trafficking, is urging Parliament to pass a private member's bill introduced Thursday in the House of Commons. Perrin said the bill would impose a five-year mandatory minimum sentence for those involved in trafficking people under 18. "The courts are failing us right now so there's a vital need for this private member's bill, '' he said.
29 January 2009
Erin Baines
Women now outnumber men in Rwanda's parliament. But with a government anxious to suppress dissent, all is not as it seems.
13 October 2008
Brian Job
The Conference of Defense Associations Institute, Vimy Paper 2008
16 May 2008
Paul Evans
Canadian Foreign Policy, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Spring 2008), pp. 131-39
2 May 2008
Benjamin Perrin
Canada has only convicted one person in the last decade under our extraterritorial child sex offender law. This stands in stark contrast to other developed countries that actively enforce similar laws. Canadians are continuing to travel abroad and sexually abuse children, despite a criminal prohibition dating to 1997.
11 April 2008
Erin Baines
Produced by the Liu Institute for Global Issues and the Gulu District NGO Forum.
5 February 2008
Michael Byers
Nation needs to cast off neo-conservatism and lead on human rights and the environment.
1 January 2008
Michael Byers
In an Op Ed in the Toronto Star, UBC’s Michael Byers, Canada Research Chair in Global Politics, writes: “The world's most respected human rights organization has just accused this country of complicity in torture. Canadians should hang their heads in shame. “Yesterday, the London-based international secretariat of Amnesty International released a 38-page report into detainee transfers conducted by Canada and other members of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. . . . “. . . According to Amnesty International, transferred detainees remain ‘at substantial risk of torture and other ill-treatment.’”
14 November 2007
Erin Baines, Justice and Reconciliation Project
Field Note 5: the Justice and Reconciliation Project analyzes the Acholi concept of abomination to assess what relevance it has for transitional justice in that region.
19 September 2007
Michael Byers
An interview with Michael Byers on his new manifesto for Canada’s role in the world, 'Intent for a Nation: What is Canada For?'
14 September 2007
Michael Byers
Chapter 7: A True North Strong and Free.
10 September 2007
Michael Byers
Prime Minister Stephen Harper has prudently decided to refurbish an old wharf on northern Baffin Island for use by the navy and Coast Guard. More precautionary action such as this is needed to protect Canadian and U.S. interests in the Northwest Passage, an area replete with uncertainty and risk.
11 August 2007
Erin Baines & Adrian Bradbury
We have just passed the one-year anniversary of the ongoing peace talks between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Both sides agree that this is the best opportunity ever for peace in northern Uganda; a region of over 2-million people that has been largely ignored, while their community and the future of their children is being completely torn apart by this 21-year conflict.
2 August 2007
Erin Baines, Justice and Reconciliation Project
Community Truth-Telling in Acholi-land examines community-level mechanisms that might facilitate a process of truth-telling at that level in northern Uganda. We explore the desires and fears of the war-affected populace in learning the truth about the now 21-year-old conflict.
17 July 2007
Michael Byers
Playing against George Grant’s seminal Lament for a Nation, Intent for a Nation is Michael Byers's informed and opinionated overview of where Canada stands in the world and what aggressive and progressive social, environmental, and governmental policies are needed to carry the country forward in an ever more competitive and volatile world.
11 July 2007
Michael Byers
Terrorism, War and International Law
14 May 2007
Justice and Reconciliation Project, Erin Baines
This edition of Field Notes recounts the struggles faced by northern Ugandans in coping with the aftermath of the atrocity in the absence of justice. Drawing upon extensive eyewitness testimonies, the report details the massacre of over 300 civilians in Atiak in 1995, reportedly by the LRA under the command of General Vincent Otti. It explores the politics behind the annual commemoration of the massacre and advances recommendations to meet the dire justice needs of the victims.
30 April 2007
Erin Baines
Through the story of a former rebel fighter, this article examines some of the justice and reconciliation challenges in northern Uganda today
18 April 2007
Michael Otim
Paper was presented at a conference entitled Transitional Justice and Peace Negotiations
18 April 2007
Alana Tiemessen
Tiemessen, Alana "Transitional Justice: Lessons from Rwanda" ISA Conference, Chicago, 2007.
28 February 2007
27 November 2006
Erin Baines, Justice and Reconciliation Project
This issue of Field Notes focuses on young mothers who have returned from the captivity of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)
23 October 2006
Justice and Reconciliation Project, Erin Baines
By placing an emphasis on what can be discussed in the peace talks, it hopes to illustrate means of realizing both peace and justice
18 October 2006
Michael Byers & Adriana Sinclair
Examines American conceptions of sovereignty -as they appear in the writings of US scholars of international law, and those US international relations scholars who deal with international law
28 September 2006
Michael Byers
Hegemonic powers have always shaped international law to their advantage. Today, with the United States at the height of its military powers, some Americans argue for a loosening of restrictions on the use of force...
28 September 2006
Michael Byers
This article considers the relationship between geopolitical change and the evolving international rules on military force
28 September 2006
Michael Byers & Suzanne Lalonde
A discussion paper prepared in advance of a conference on "Canada's Arctic Waters in International Law and Diplomacy
7 June 2006
Eric Stover, Erin Baines, Marieke Wierda
Focusing on three themes: vulnerable children, investing in youth, and supporting traditional and formal justice mechanisms
29 May 2006
Michael Byers
Legal Opinion
10 April 2006
Michael Byers
9 April 2006
Erin Baines, Justice and Reconciliation Project
The Justice and Reconciliation Project are proud to launch their new website and to present their first issue of Field Notes: Alice's Story: Cultural and Spiritual Dimensions of Reconciliation in Northern Uganda
22 February 2006
Michael Byers
In this unique and highly readable book, written for the intelligent layperson, one of the world’s leading experts in international law uses historical case studies to examine the basis on which war is waged and how the global legal environment shapes current events.
28 November 2005
Elizabeth St. Jean, Carla Suarez
Presents the voices and experiences of internally displaced youth (IDY) and their protection needs while living in the Gulu District of Northern Uganda
16 October 2005
Justice and Reconciliation Project, Erin Baines
This report, Roco Wat I Acoli, provides a much needed analysis of what traditional justice in northern Uganda is, how it is currently practiced and what value it could add. In a seven month study, it documented existing practices of traditional justice in 16 internally displaced persons (IDP) camps. It further examines how some of these rituals have been adapted to promote the reintegration of former rebels.
15 September 2005
Edited by: Philippe Le Billon
From the oil fields of the Persian Gulf to the diamond mines of West Africa, millions of people in resource rich countries have seen their lives devastated as a result of exploitative commercial relations, corrupt governance, and war. Going beyond conventional arguments of violent competition over scarce resources, this edited volume provides critical perspectives on so-called ‘resource wars?
12 July 2005
Irene Sattarzadeh, Erin Baines, Heidi Rose
This Human Security Update analyzes events surrounding the debate on peace versus justice in Northern Uganda
27 May 2005
Philippe Le Billon, A. Geda, Addison, T., S.M. Murshed
Reconstructing and reforming the financial system in conflict and ‘post-conflict?economies
1 May 2005
Michael Byers
International Institutions: Canada's Role
23 April 2005
Erin Baines
Director, Conflict & Development Programme
1 April 2005
Philippe Le Billon
Fuelling war. Natural resources and armed conflicts
1 March 2005
Michael Byers
Assessment on the UN Secretary-General's report on high-level panel on threats, challenges and change.
25 January 2005
Erin Baines
Examining the response of the United Nations to forced displacement in three cases, this insightful work lays bare the breach between advances in global policy on gender equality and humanitarianism and the implementation of these policies.
3 November 2004
Erin Baines, Coleen Heemskerk
This human security update outlines the major issues and events from the conflict in Northern Uganda during a five-month period, April to August 2004
16 September 2004
Liu Institute for Global Issues
Conference Report - Global Justice Program
4 April 2004
Robert Adamson (LL.M .), Director, The Global Justice Program
The idea behind the Vancouver Dialogues is to merge the experience, expertise and resources of experts from institutions, governments, civil society and funding organizations involved in international justice
1 March 2004
The conflict in northern Uganda began on August 20, 1986 and has now gone on for nearly eighteen years without any end in sight
30 October 2003
Erin Baines
In May 2003, the Liu Institute for Global Issues sent associate Dr. Erin Baines to the Northern Dialogue for Peace to assess the current status of the peace process, identify critical actors involved in this process and provide a preliminary analysis
1 June 2003
Philippe Le Billon
Buying peace or fuelling war: the role of corruption in armed conflicts
1 May 2003
Philippe Le Billon
Matières premières, violences et conflits armés
1 April 2003
Andrew Mack
This article argues that the academic conflict research community has far less impact on the policy community than the importance of its work deserves and provides a number of recommendations to improve the policy impact of conflict research
1 June 2002
Michael Byers
It has been revealed that negotiations are under way to place a substantial part of the Canadian armed forces – land and sea forces as well as air – under the operational control of a permanent, integrated, US-led command structure
25 April 2002
George Hoberg, Paul Howe
Law, Knowledge and National Interests in Trade Disputes: The Case of Softwood Lumber, by George Hoberg and Paul Howe, June 1999.
13 June 1999
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