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Publications in "Regional Security" research area
By Mike Blanchfield
Flooding. Drought. Wildfires. Mass migrations of desperate people. Mike Blanchfield explains why security experts fear climate change will lead to war on a scale we have yet to see on this planet. Margaret Purdy, senior research fellow at the Center of International Relations, says "I don't want to be a scaremonger, but I am concerned climate change does not seem to be a priority within Canada's security, intelligence, defence establishment. I'm concerned that, as far as I know, Canadian security players haven't analysed the existing scientific reports." Purdy says, that with the exception of some notable work in the departments of Health and Natural Resources, no one has tried to quantify the long-term security effects of climate change in Canada.
25 July 2009
Paul Evans
Professor Paul Evans recently spoke at a conference on "Bridging China Studies and International Relations Theory", in Singapore. S.R. Nathan, President of the Republic of Singapore also attended this conference (see photo). Prof. Evans presented this paper, of which a revised version will be published in spring 2010 in a volume edited by Zheng Yongnian. Please note: This is a Conference Draft and is not for citation or quotation without the author's permission.
12 June 2009
Brian Job
Professor Brian Job spoke to a session on "The Regional Security Architecture: Identifying Weaknesses and Reform" at the 23rd Asia-Pacific Roundtable in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 4 June 2009.
4 June 2009
By Mark MacKinnon, Paul Evans
Kim Jong-un, the youngest son of North Korean Leader Kim Jong-il, looks set to inherit control of the nuclear-armed state. Observers say the upcoming transfer of power just might explain North Korea's behaviour in recent weeks and months, which has been belligerent and unpredictable. "This is a very different pattern than we've seen in past North Korean brinksmanship," said Paul Evans, a professor in the Liu Institute for Global Issues at UBC. "There must be internal turbulence around succession issues."
3 June 2009
Margaret Purdy
Human-induced climate change over the coming century is likely to threaten not only physical ecosystems, but also the security of individuals, societies, and states. By precipitating natural disasters, and by affecting the livelihood of communities, climate change may exacerbate existing social tensions, create incentives for illegal actions, place unbearable strains on the capacities of states, and lead to resource disputes and struggles between and within states.
1 May 2009
Leanne Smythe, Margaret Purdy
Does Stephen Harper's team grasp the security consequences of warming temperatures, rising sea levels, extreme weather events and precipitation changes? Do they realize that climate change may represent a more complex and serious threat than terrorism and crime, their current security preoccupations? Sadly for Canada, no.
6 April 2009
Erin Baines
Justice and Reconciliation Project and Quaker Peace and Social Witness, May 2008
10 May 2008
The two regional protracted conflict rivals of Asia, India and China, have found ways to become strategic partners in the twenty-first century. This research probes what explains this change and whether or not the engagement strategies employed by them can produce similar results if used in the India-Pakistan bilateral relations? This paper argues that although at the strategic level nuclear weapons detonation by India in 1998 was instrumental in developing a strategic balance between the rivals and within a few years a stable security environment emanated in the conflict offing, creating a setting stage for the exploration of possibilities of partnership in the economic, trade, and political realms, one of the major contributing factors in the partnership has been the soft power that both China and India possess. While the two Asian giants share common attributes such as strong military, population, economy, and information technology, among others, soft power in the form of culture, education, and values/ideals pertaining to open economies has forced them to look beyond the dynamics of the intractable conflict and find a common ground to work together. Both are mature states in all of these domains due to which the domestic political/institutional differences did not create an impediment to substantive strategic cooperation. There is political resolve in both countries in maintaining long-term friendship, enhancing cooperation, and achieving common developments. This is the exact opposite of the India-Pakistan case. While India is strong in soft power capabilities, Pakistan lacks strength in this domain and remains even less interested in developing the attribute. Consequently, even though both India and Pakistan realize that cooperation on different levels is possible, attainable, and beneficial to both parties and have progressed in attaining some of their stated goals of cooperation as part of the composite dialogue, in the presence of asymmetry in soft power resources, they are unable to comprehensively tap the unexplored opportunities to becoming strategic partners in this century. The paper is structured in the following manner: The first section discusses various sources of power in general and intangible or soft power in particular. The second section draws a connection between hard power, soft power, and strategic partnership or accommodation policies. The third is a case study on the India-China strategic cooperation. The focus here is on the role of soft power in enhancing cooperation between them. The next section uses the principle thesis of the paper connecting soft power to strategic cooperation against the India-Pakistan case and argues that strategic cooperation lacks in this case because of the absence of soft power in Pakistan. A final section provides concluding remarks and some policy recommendations.
26 March 2008
Erin Baines
Justice and Reconciliation Project, Special Issue with Quaker Peace and Social Witness - Field Notes, No. 6, February 2008
28 February 2008
Erin Williams, Brian L. Job
The CSCAP Regional Security Outlook 2007. CSCAP Launches its New Flagship Publication. There is a real and urgent need for multilateral cooperation and institution-building to manage traditional and non-traditional security threats in the Asia Pacific.
4 December 2007
Paul Evans, David Capie
The ending of the Cold War opened a new debate across the Pacific about the meaning of security and the new regional multilateral institutions that were beginning to emerge.
20 November 2007
Karthika Sasikumar, Wade Huntley
In July 2005, the United States and India announced a bold agreement to restore nuclear co-operation. The deal was immediately controversial, engendering opposition in both countries on national security grounds and from arms control advocates anticipating dire consequences for the non-proliferation regime.
3 October 2007
Paul Evans
The project on "Rebuilding American Security" was funded by the Ford Foundation and organized by the Liu Institute for Global Issues in cooperation with partner institutions in Asia. The basic question informing the series was how democratization in Asia affects national security priorities, views of US security policy, and relations with the US.
3 July 2007
Wade Huntley
To better appreciate the context of the Bush Administration’s reactions to the collapse of the US-North Korea Agreed Framework , this article examines US responses to the threats North Korea’s nuclear ambitions pose to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the wider array of global nonproliferation efforts that treaty spearheads.
30 June 2007
Philippe Le Billon & A. Waizenegger
Peace in the wake of disaster? Secessionist conflicts and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami
13 June 2007
Brian Job & Robert Hartfiel
After a temporary downturn in many Asian states after the 1997 Economic Crisis defence expenditures are rising again
1 March 2007
Paul Evans
Does multilateralism have a future in Northeast Asia, or is it an empty dream that tantalizes but inevitably disappoints? Is it like the Abbé de Saint-Pierre’s eighteenth-century conception of a European federation: highly desirable in theory but, at least in its time, unachievable in practice?
1 January 2007
27 November 2006
Wade Huntley
14 November 2006
Wade Huntley
Do North Korea’s missile tests really represent an escalation of its threat to global security? The answer is both yes and no
5 July 2006
Paul Evans
A contribution by Dr. Paul Evans, Co-CEO of the Asia Pacific Foundation, to the International Journal examining the impact of the rise of an economically powerful China on Canada and the way in which Canada has responded to this new relationship.
31 March 2006
Simons Centre for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Research
Emerging challenges posed by science and the possibilities for cooperation versus competition in outer space
28 March 2006
Simons Centre for Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Research
This volume documents the proceedings of the conference
20 March 2006
Paul Evans
The workshop was the third and final in a series of meetings on "Rebuilding American Security" funded by the Ford Foundation and organized by the Liu Institute for Global Issues in cooperation with partner institutions in Asia. The basic question informing the series was how democratization in Asia affects national security priorities, views of US security policy, and relations with the US. It followed earlier meetings in Santa Monica and Seoul.
29 January 2006
Karthika Sasikumar, Wade Huntley
In November 2005, the Simons Centre convened a conference in Vancouver to explore the initial impact of the first India-US nuclear agreement of July 2005. Results of that conference were compiled into a volume that also includes two analytical essays by the editors, three background papers and suggestions for further reading.
22 November 2005
Lloyd Axworth & Erin Baines
For the past 20 years, northern Uganda's killing fields have been rocked and ruined by a vicious conflict between government forces and a rebel group called the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA).
4 November 2005
Paul Evans
The workshop was the first in a series of three meetings on ”Rebuilding American Security“ funded by the Ford Foundation and organized by Paul Evans
9 September 2005
Erin Baines
Director, Conflict & Development Programme
1 April 2005
Paul Evans
The chapters in this volume share a common interest in the material forces of firm-driven trade, investement, and production that are deepening economic integration in proximate parts of continental and maritime Asia.
1 January 2005
Paul Evans
In the pantheon of new security concepts debated in East Asia in the past decade, human security is perhaps the most controversial.
30 June 2004
Max A. Cameron, Pablo Policzer
The Inter-American Democratic Charter, signed by the members of the OAS on 11 September 2001, presents an unprecedented opportunity to promote and defend democracy in the Americas
19 May 2004
Paul Evans, Yuen Pau Woo
China has mattered deeply to Canadians for 130 years despite vast asymmetries in power, influence, and size, and abiding differences in culture, values, political system, and level of development.
29 April 2004
Philippe Le Billon, F. El Khatib
From free oil to ‘freedom oil? terrorism, war and US geopolitics in the Persian Gulf
1 March 2004
Philippe Le Billon
The geopolitical economy of ‘resource wars'
1 March 2004
Ernie Regehr
Canadian policy has never focused on ballistic missile defence as a credible or even promising response to the threat of nuclear destruction via intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM)
1 December 2003
Rasheed Draman
The Roundtable on Strengthening Regional Capacity for Conflict Resolution in West Africa was hosted by the African Security Dialogue and Research, (ASDR), in Accra, Ghana
1 June 2003
Philippe Le Billon, Addison, T., M. Murshed
Conflict in Africa: the cost of peaceful behavior
1 September 2002
Andrew Mack
This article examines the potential for several Northeast Asia countries that have the technical expertise to be considered virtual nuclear powers and who could acquire nuclear weapons in a relatively short period of time
3 January 2000
This paper is a follow-on to a companion piece (Working Paper No. 6) that examined the scope,nature and causes of recent conventional arms acquisitions in the Asia Pacific region and identified current or prospective developments about which Canada should be concerned. The current paper explores means of curbing potentially troublesome developments, points to some that might be more useful than others, and suggests the most feasible avenues for Canadian involvement.
1 November 1997
This paper examines the scope, nature and causes of recent conventional arms acquisitions in the Asia Pacific region and identifies current or prospective developments about which Canada should be concerned. Over the last ten years, most Asia Pacific states have improved their ability to patrol, defend and control their own territories and nearby coastal areas. Some states are now starting to acquire weapon systems that would enable them to patrol, defend and possibly control areas further afield. To an extent, the individual arms buildups across the region could be described as sensible examples of modernizing outdated equipment and rounding out unbalanced force postures. However, troubling consequences could result from the general change in the character of military equipment being introduced throughout the region, as well as from the effects of recent procurements on existing disputes and insecurities. The paper is meant to be read in conjunction with a companion piece (Working Paper No 7) that explores means of curbing potentially troublesome developments and suggests the most feasible avenues for Canadian involvement.
1 November 1997
Elizabeth Speed
This paper examines the evolution of Chinese naval power and its consequent impact on East Asian security. Viewed historically, the 1970s marked a key turning point in the national recognition of Chinese maritime interests and the need to secure and promote them. The Chinese navy now has an offshore forward defence strategy and is in the midst of an extensive and ambitious naval modernization program. The reconfiguration of Chinese naval power poses a potential threat to East Asian stability and security. China increasingly has the capacity to challenge the territorial status quo in Asia and to alter significantly the regional balance of power. It is imperative that the emerging regional security framework encourage Chinese participation. Likewise, China must increase its level of military transparency in order to ease regional apprehensions.
1 August 1997
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This paper addresses the issue of the naval arms buildup in the Asia Pacific region and the frequently-expressed fears that it might turn into an all-out arms race. The authors find that although the naval buildup has not yet turned into a full-scale arms race throughout the region, a) there is a genuine naval arms race already occurring between the PRC and Taiwan; b) the historical precursors of an arms race are now in place throughout Northeast Asia; and, c) there is a clear danger of an inter-ASEAN naval arms race. The paper concludes by emphasizing the need to put in place official mechanisms to enhance cooperative maritime security, consisting of a combination of confidence building and risk reduction measures together with multinational naval cooperation leading toward full-scale maritime security regimes.
1 March 1997
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