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A global assessment of the carbon cycle and temperature responses to major changes in future fire regime
Navin Ramankutty
New paper co-authored by Professor Navin Ramankutty: increased fire frequency may actually cool the climate
Publications | http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10584-015-1461-8
Effects of Community-Based Natural Resource Management on Household Welfare in Namibia
Assistant Professor, Hisham Zerriffi explores the development of a widespread community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) program in Namibia, which makes it an ideal location to analyze the connection between conservation and socioeconomic well-being of local communities.
Making sure there are plenty more fish in the sea
Rashid Sumaila
Closing the high seas to fishing could improve the distribution of catches globally according to a study in Scientific Reports this week. The findings are based on estimates of fish stocks caught in coastal areas and the high seas, although a number of factors could cause uncertainty in these data. Thus, additional detailed analyses of the costs and benefits of high-seas closure are warranted.
Fossil Fuel Divestment: Reviewing Arguments, Implications & Policy Opportunities
Hadi Dowlatabadi
This research offers several different steps to a greener economy and contradicts common assumptions of divestment campaigners, such as the belief that divesting from fossil fuel companies will stop the production of oil, gas and coal.
The Role of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Shipping Industry
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A Research Collaboration between the Liu Institute for Global Issues and the Nippon Foundation.
A Study of Chinese Consumer Good Manufacturer's Response to Big Brand Supply Chain Sustainability
Jane Lister, Genevieve LeBaron
In recent years, big brand companies have competed to adopt far-reaching sustainability goals. They are now racing to drive these commitments into their core operations as well as through their global supply chains. This project analyzes the impact of this accelerating trend on the environmental and social practices of consumer goods manufacturers in China.
The Contentious Political Economy of Biofuels
Kate Neville
In coastal east Africa, Liu Scholar Kate Neville navigates the complexity of the political economy of biofuels through visiting organizations and local communities.
India: Can solar power become a tool for pro-poor development?
Milind Kandlikar
Recepients of the Martha Piper Research fund, associate professor Milind Kandlikar and Sumeet Gulati want to find out if solar power can be a viable energy solution for the 100 million households in rural india who do not have access to electricity.
Liu Scholars receive highly competitive IDRC Doctoral Research Awards
Reza Kowsari, Arvind Saraswat, Beth Stewart
In the recent International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Doctoral Research Awards competition, Liu Scholars won three of 21 grants awarded across Canada.
Re-thinking the rickshaw
Milind Kandlikar
If you’ve been to parts of Asia or Africa, chances are a three-wheeled auto rickshaw got you from A to B. Cheap to drive and compact enough for a driver to whisk passengers through crowded streets, they are a vital mode of transportation for billions of people around the world everyday. But under their brightly painted exteriors, auto rickshaws have a dark side, a new UBC study has found.
Climate Change and Security Project
Brian Job, Leanne Smythe
Over the next 30 years, climate change will emerge as a global security concern of unprecedented scope and seriousness. Researchers at the Liu Institute for Global Issues have launched a research project which is exploring the security implications of climate change for Canada.
Leapfrogging over development? Promoting rural renewables for climate change mitigation
Hisham Zerriffi
Renewable energy technologies have the potential to help solve two pressing problems. On one hand, carbon-free energy sources must play a role in climate change mitigation. On the other hand, renewables might help meet needs of rural people without access to modern energy services. However, if renewables are deployed to combat climate change (primarily resulting from emissions in the developed economies) then providing basic energy services in the developing world may be compromised. The tendency to conflate the two drivers by installing renewables in rural areas for carbon mitigation reasons rather than for development reasons could compromise both goals. The danger is supporting sub-optimal policies for mitigating carbon and for rural energy. This is problematic given the limited funds available for energy development and reducing greenhouse gases. This paper analyzes how these goals have been balanced by the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Project documents are used to determine whether incremental costs of installing renewables were covered by GEF funds and whether the costs are comparable with other carbon mitigation options. The results raise concerns about the effectiveness and appropriateness of GEF funding of such projects and highlight the importance of post-Kyoto framework design to reduce emissions and promote development.
Global Focus: Global Climate Change: Reaching Agreement in Copenhagen
Various
Leading up to the Copenhagen talks, the Liu Institute and its faculty members were involved in a series of events aiming to inform, highlight, debate, and discuss the challenges and opportunities that world leaders face in the task of agreeing on an ambitious, global agreement that meets the challenge set by science.
The Private Life of Environmental Treaties
Natasha Affolder
The current issue of the American Journal of International Law includes an essay by Liu Faculty Fellow Natasha Affolder entitled “The Private Life of Environmental Treaties”. Using a little-studied example - the UNESCO World Heritage Convention - this essay highlights the phenomenon of companies seeking to conform their behavior to environmental treaty requirements.
Global Focus: From obscurity to action: Why Canada must tackle the security dimensions of climate change
Margaret Purdy, Resident Scholar at the Liu Institute for Global Issues, spoke at the Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies (CASIS) International Conference on October 29th, 2009.
Global Focus: Hybrid vehicles produce scant environmental benefits, high cost
Milind Kandlikar
Despite major costs to taxpayers in the U.S. and Canada, government programs that offer rebates to hybrid vehicle buyers are failing to produce environmental benefits, a new UBC study says.
Climate Science, Equity and Development: The Role of International Institutions in Capacity Building for Climate Change
Milind Kandlikar, Hisham Zerriffi
Due to its global nature, the climate change problem is one that reveals wide disparities between countries.
Risk, Regulation and Controversy: Agricultural Biotechnology in Developing Countries
GM crops are especially controversial in developing countries. This work examines the reasons for controversy, and the analyzes the ability of science-policy infrastructure in developing countries to regulate the use of GM seeds.
Risks and Benefits of Nanotechnology
Milind Kandlikar
This work focuses on quantifying the health risks from nanoparticles using expert judgment; I also work on how scientists view the regulation of health risks from nanotechnology.
The Role of Uncertainty in Climate Change
Milind Kandlikar
This work examines the impact of uncertainties in the science of climate change on "when, where and how much" carbon reduction.
Transport, Air Quality and Development
Milind Kandlikar
This projects explores the relationship between transport policies and air quality outcomes in the develolping world, with focused case studies of India.
Technological Change and Life Cycle Assessment in Auto-Sector
Hadi Dowlatabadi, Milind Kandlikar
This projects examines the impact of technological and regulatory innovation such as product "take-back" policies on reuse, recycling in the automobile sector.
Community of Practice in Ecosystems to Human Health in Latin America and the Caribbean
Jerry Spiegel
This IDRC project has allowed us to create opportunities for deepening understanding and excellence while creating new possibilities for involvement among researchers, practitioners, policy-makers and communities. The COPEH that we intend to build is a network of partnerships of trans-disciplinary, multi-agency, community-linked, international expertise, based on the three pillars of an eco-health approach: trans-disciplinary, participation and equity.
Rural Energy and Human Health
Hisham Zerriffi
This project is developing an integrated framework for understanding the complex relationships between rural energy use, socio-ecological systems and human health. It will highlight areas in which further research is needed and where policies can be developed to improve human and ecological welfare.
Effectiveness of Global Environment Facility Funding of Rural Energy Projects
Hisham Zerriffi
This study uses project documents from the Global Environment Facility to determine carbon mitigation costs of rural energy projects and whether funding for incremental costs were covered by additional GEFfunds.
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