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Climate Change and Security Project
Brian Job, Leanne Smythe
Over the next 30 years, climate change will emerge as a global security concern of unprecedented scope and seriousness. Researchers at the Liu Institute for Global Issues have launched a research project which is exploring the security implications of climate change for Canada.
Leapfrogging over development? Promoting rural renewables for climate change mitigation
Hisham Zerriffi
Renewable energy technologies have the potential to help solve two pressing problems. On one hand, carbon-free energy sources must play a role in climate change mitigation. On the other hand, renewables might help meet needs of rural people without access to modern energy services. However, if renewables are deployed to combat climate change (primarily resulting from emissions in the developed economies) then providing basic energy services in the developing world may be compromised. The tendency to conflate the two drivers by installing renewables in rural areas for carbon mitigation reasons rather than for development reasons could compromise both goals. The danger is supporting sub-optimal policies for mitigating carbon and for rural energy. This is problematic given the limited funds available for energy development and reducing greenhouse gases. This paper analyzes how these goals have been balanced by the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Project documents are used to determine whether incremental costs of installing renewables were covered by GEF funds and whether the costs are comparable with other carbon mitigation options. The results raise concerns about the effectiveness and appropriateness of GEF funding of such projects and highlight the importance of post-Kyoto framework design to reduce emissions and promote development.
Global Focus: Global Climate Change: Reaching Agreement in Copenhagen
Leading up to the Copenhagen talks, the Liu Institute and its faculty members were involved in a series of events aiming to inform, highlight, debate, and discuss the challenges and opportunities that world leaders face in the task of agreeing on an ambitious, global agreement that meets the challenge set by science.
Global Focus: From obscurity to action: Why Canada must tackle the security dimensions of climate change
Margaret Purdy, Resident Scholar at the Liu Institute for Global Issues, spoke at the Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies (CASIS) International Conference on October 29th, 2009.
Climate Science, Equity and Development: The Role of International Institutions in Capacity Building for Climate Change
Milind Kandlikar, Hisham Zerriffi
Due to its global nature, the climate change problem is one that reveals wide disparities between countries.
The Role of Uncertainty in Climate Change
Milind Kandlikar
This work examines the impact of uncertainties in the science of climate change on "when, where and how much" carbon reduction.
Transport, Air Quality and Development
Milind Kandlikar
This projects explores the relationship between transport policies and air quality outcomes in the develolping world, with focused case studies of India.
Effectiveness of Global Environment Facility Funding of Rural Energy Projects
Hisham Zerriffi
This study uses project documents from the Global Environment Facility to determine carbon mitigation costs of rural energy projects and whether funding for incremental costs were covered by additional GEFfunds.
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